Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What are the islands of the Maldives made of? [Note 13]. Visiting the Hebrides is about being outdoors. Other definitions are used in the Scottish context. Any stay here lives with you, your family and your friends forever. Inner Hebrides, islands off the Atlantic (western) coast of Scotland.In contrast with the Outer Hebrides, the Inner Hebrides lie close to the west coast of Scotland.They stretch 150 miles (240 kilometres) from Skye in the north to Islay in the south and are separated from the Outer Hebrides (Western Isles) by the Little Minch, an Atlantic sea channel, and the Sea of the Hebrides. The archipelago is exposed to wind and tide. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The largest of these mini-archipelagos are: There is another group of islets off Craighouse on the east coast of Jura called the Small Isles.[37]. 125–35. We are adding records parish by parish over the coming months. Best Answer: LONG ISLAND The crossword clue "The Outer Hebrides are also called "the ____”" published 1 time/s and has 1 unique answer/s on our system. The Hebrides People Genealogical Database. Geographically, the inhabited islands can easily be separated into those that are or surround Islay, Gigha, Mull, and Skye or are in the Small Isles, Slate Islands, Firth of Lorn, Crowlin Islands, Summer Isles, one of the major sea lochs or the North Highland group. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Sort out the facts as you journey through Europe. Ordnance Survey maps mark the height above sea level of a high point on most islands, but in a small number of cases, this may not be the highest point. The Hebrides: Scotland's magical western islands. This is widely agreed to be unhelpful as it intentionally excludes bridged islands. Pomponius Mela, a Roman-Spanish writer of the first century, refers to a group of seven islands to which he gave the name Haemodae (Hebrides???). Several smaller islands surround the main islands, and about 40 miles (65 km) northwest of … Omissions? The Hebrides comprise more than 40 islands and innumerable barren islets, but only a few of those islands are inhabited. The great outdoors. My trip started with an overnight layover in London’s Heathrow airport — a common hub for those traveling from the West Coast of the United States — so I scoured the internet for an inexpensive hotel with easy transportation to and from Terminal 5.I booked a stay with Premier Inn on Bath Road after reading dozens of reviews and learning about the free local bus which stops right in front of the hotel.I paid £51 for one night, plus £3 unlimite… [29][30] Nearby Castle Stalker was in the possession of Clan Stewart of Appin at this time, but its more recent claim to fame is as a location in the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail. The northern Inner Hebrides lie within the Highland council area, and the southern Inner Hebrides are part of Argyll and Bute council area. In common with the other main island chains of Scotland many of the more remote islands were abandoned during the 19th and 20th centuries, in some cases after continuous habitation since prehistoric times. Seafood and whisky. Tony Kinghorn. The Outer Hebrides are administered as the Western Isles council area. The Gaelic etymology is disputed. [2], There are various descriptions of the scope of the Hebrides. The definition of an island used in this list is that it is "land that is surrounded by seawater on a daily basis, but not necessarily at all stages of the tide, excluding human devices such as bridges and causeways". Off the west coast of Scotland is a small group of islands called the Hebrides. (2001) Lewis and Harris, 19,918; Barra, 1,078; North Uist, 1,320; South Uist, 1,818; Skye, 9,251; Islay, 3,997; Jura, 188; Colonsay, 113; Mull, 2,696; Tiree, 770; Coll, 164; (2011) Lewis and Harris, 21,031; Barra, 1,174; North Uist, 1,312; South Uist, 1,754; Skye, 10,013; Islay, 3,228; Jura, 196; Colonsay, 132; Mull, 2,819; Tiree, 653; Coll, 195. Corrections? Sgeir is "skerry" and often refers to a rock or rocks that lie submerged at high tide. You probably have heard of the most famous isles in this archipelago, such as Skye, Mull and Islay, but of course, there are many more islands worth a visit. Tourism and the oil industry are also important economic engines. Adam is owner of these roughly six hundred acres distributed over three wave and wind ravaged islands in the Minch, that stretch of ocean lying between the Scottish island of Skye and the Outer Hebrides. There are no historical records of inhabitation although there are the ruins of an "ancient fort". South Uist island in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Wildlife. Haswell-Smith (2004) and Ordnance Survey maps for islands <40 ha (100 acres) unless otherwise stated. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. All inclusive cruises on the unique luxury, small cruise ship Hebridean Princess with cruise destinations to Scotland and Ireland. Michael Powell’s 1937 film “The Edge of the World” tells of the desertion of St. Kilda in the Outer Hebrides. There are various small island groups within the Inner Hebrides that are included above. For example, Haswell-Smith (2004) treats Lunga[Note 4] as a single island, although during high tides it becomes one inhabited island and numerous uninhabited tidal islets. Beag and mòr (also bheag and mhòr) mean "little" and "big" and are often found together. Today, before in-home weaving takes place, the washing and dyeing of sheared wool as well as its blending and carding into embryonic yarn, along with the spinning and warping processes, occur in factories, to which the woven tweed returns for finishing and stamping. Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands, "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands", Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two), Rick Livingstone’s Tables of the Islands of Scotland, Scotland 5 – 7 May, 2000 – MV Jane R: Skerryvore, "Slate Islands – The Islands that Roofed the World", "The Location of Sailing Marks Within the Sound of Kerrera", Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site, Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Inner_Hebrides&oldid=990411997, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 09:53. A BBC documentary narrated by Ewan McGregor that aired last month called Islands on the Edge may have been the best PR the islands have ever received—although some locals thought it focused too much on the Hebrides being at risk of dying, rather than as a worthwhile destination. He rowed out to the rock one night at low tide and left his wife stranded on the rock to die. There are numerous lighthouses as an aid to navigation. However, Mendelssohn later revised the score and renamed the piece Die Hebriden ( … This list of Inner Hebrides summarises a chain of islands and skerries located off the west coast of mainland Scotland. The whole process now takes place on Lewis and Harris. There are many examples of structures from the Neolithic period, the finest example being the standing stones at Callanish, dating to the 3rd millennium BC. Records for the last date of settlement for the smaller uninhabited islands are incomplete, but most of the islands listed here would have been inhabited at some point during the Neolithic, Iron Age, Early Historic or Norse periods. Nearby Eilean-a-beithich once stood in the Easdale Sound between Easdale and Seil. Although obviously inhabited (there is a hotel on the island) the General Registers Office did not provide a population total for this tidal island in either the 2001 or 2011 censuses. The Hebrides’ Celtic inhabitants of the 1st millennium ce suffered from Viking raids after the 8th century and were eventually placed under Viking sovereignty until 1266. In the 19th and 20th centuries the United Kingdom assumed a greater role in the islands’ administration. Islay is the southern-most island of the Inner Hebrides and is often referred to as Queen of the Hebrides. Humans have lived here and eaten local seafood since the Mesolithic period. Many other prominent personalities visited Staffa over the next two centuries, including Felix Mendelssohn, whose Hebrides Overture brought further fame to the island. It was here that Alan Breck Stewart and David Balfour were ship-wrecked.[34]. [19], The difficulties of definition are considerable in some cases. The largest of these mini-archipelagos are: Cattle raising and dairying are also practiced. The work was completed on 16 December 1830 and was originally entitled Die einsame Insel (The Lonely Island). Haswell-Smith (2004) unless otherwise stated. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Discover your very own slice of heaven and visit the Outer Hebrides. The arched bridge in use today was constructed in the early 20th century. Barra is often referred to as the jewel of the Outer Hebrides and certainly has a delightful blend of rugged hills, rocky coves and flower covered machair. In 1886 an act of Parliament gave the crofters (tenant farmers) security and heritability of tenure. Today, the islands’ beauty remains, as do signs of what once was. [18] At that time there was an investigation by the British government to test both the vulnerability of Britain to attack and the possibility of attacking Germany using anthrax. The small island of Rhum became a Nature Conservancy Research Centre in 1957, specializing in the study of the local geology, flora, and fauna. Weaving and fishing are concentrated on the rocky infertile eastern coasts of the islands. Later fair rents were established by a Crofters Commission. The Census indicates a population of 3 in 1931 and nil in 1961. This was eventually swept away by the sea and little visible sign of the island now remains. The Clachan Bridge from Argyll to Seil was designed by Thomas Telford and dates from 1792. Updates? mi. [Note 5]. The smaller Inner Hebridean islands, grouped by location (from south to north), in the vicinity of: From Ininmore Bay in Morvern to the River Sheil. [10], Lunga in the Firth of Lorn had a population of 7, Eilean Bàn a population of 2 and Eilean Donan a single resident in 2001 but none recorded a usually resident population in 2011. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [1], The modern economy centres on tourism, crofting, farming, fishing, and whisky distilling. The waters around Lewis were believed to be home to a water-spirit, or ‘Kelpie’, called Seonaidh, who could only be pacified by throwing a cup of beer into the sea Learn more. The chief islands of the crescent-shaped chain of the Outer Hebrides are Lewis and Harris, North Uist, Benbecula, South Uist, and Barra. A chain of over 100 islands and skerries, including 15 inhabited ones, comprises the Outer Hebrides. South Uist. South Uist island in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. For example the General Register Office for Scotland define an island as "a mass of land surrounded by water, separate from the Scottish mainland" but although they include islands linked by bridges etc. The fusion of Celts and Vikings produced a period of relatively high cultural and material well-being in the 11th and 12th centuries. [16], Some of the islands continue to contribute to modern culture. Hebrides definition: 1. two groups of islands, called the Inner Hebrides and the Outer Hebrides, to the west of…. In the past, the Hebrides as a whole were a strong Scottish Gaelic-speaking area, and in 1921 more than 50% of the populations of most of these islands, including Skye, Mull and Islay, were proficient in the language. He and his fellow travellers extolled the natural beauty of the basalt columns in general, and in particular of the island's main sea cavern, which Banks renamed "Fingal's Cave". Stretching 210 kilometres (130 miles) from Lewis in the north to Barra Head in the south, the Outer Hebrides belong to Scotland’s Western Isles (in Gaelic, Eilean Siar) council. [6] Skye has been connected to Kyle of Lochalsh by the Skye Bridge since 1995. These places had been perceived as relatively self-sufficient agricultural economies,[15] but both island residents and outsiders later came to consider that the more remote islands lacked the essential services of a modern industrial economy. The best-known textile enterprise is the manufacture of Harris tweed, which traditionally has provided a part-time occupation for the crofters. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. With a history dating back many centuries, a beautiful setting and much to please the eye, Stornoway of Lewis is well worth a visit. this is not clear from this definition. A mill was operated on the island until 1948 and abandonment is assumed when it closed and the associated buildings and wharves were dismantled. The island chain of the Inner Hebrides is made up of 35 inhabited islands and even more uninhabited ones. [17] During the Second World War, Gruinard was the site of a biological warfare test by British military scientists. The Hebrides are known for their unique natural features. There are the ruins of a "small cell", perhaps once used by an. The Outer Hebrides used to be called the Western Isles - a romantic name for a long chain of islands lying out to the west of Scotland.Then someone decided they should be ‘Outer’ […] (7500 sq. The Inner Hebrides that lie respectively north and south of Ardnamurchan are administered by two separate local authorities as part of larger territories. 29,615; ab. There are 43 uninhabited Inner Hebrides with an area greater than 30 hectares (approximately 74 acres). [8], Castle Stalker, Eilean Horrisdale, Eilean Loain and Inch Kenneth are "included in the NRS statistical geography for inhabited islands but had no usual residents at the time of either the 2001 or 2011 censuses".[8]. The Cuillin Hills of Skye—reaching an elevation of 3,309 feet (1,009 metres)—are said to be the most spectacular massif in Britain. The inhabited islands of the Inner Hebrides had a population of 18,257 in 2001,[7] and 18,948 at the time of the 2011 census. NOW 50% OFF! The Hebrides archipelago can be found off the western coast of Scotland. Dubh is "black", dearg is "red" and glas means "grey" or "green". Outer Hebrides The Outer Hebrides is the geographical name of the westernmost chain of islands in the Hebrides, west of the Scottish Highlands.They're sparsely populated with poor soil and few resources; historically they were separate local government areas, which hindered their development and culture. On the outer edge of Europe, in the far north west of Scotland, are the Western Isles or Outer Hebrides, they form their own council area. They are divided into the Inner and Outer Hebrides and each island is unique. (1988 – first published 1883). Hebrides Stornoway of Lewis Island Located in the Western Isles of Scotland is a fascinating town called Stornoway. Located off the western coast of Scotland, the Hebrides are made up of two island chains – the Inner Hebrides, which include 35 inhabited islands and 44 uninhabited islands, and the Outer Hebrides, sometimes called the Western Isles, which include 15 inhabited islands as well as more than 50 uninhabited islands and islets. Smaller islands, tidal islets only separated at higher stages of the tide, and skerries which are only exposed at lower stages of the tide pepper the seas surrounding the main islands. Eilean (plural: eileanan) also means "island". The wildlife of the Hebrides is particularly rich and includes red deer, wild goats, Highland cattle and ponies, and, on Soay Island, a primitive wild sheep. The grassy plains (machair) on the western coasts of some of the islands are the most fertile agricultural areas in the Hebrides, especially when fertilized with seaweed, the common local practice. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Hebrides, CRW Flags - Flag of Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom, Hebrides - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It may have been called, This island is in the Sound of Kerrera at, Encyclopædia Britannica (1978) states: "Hebrides – group of islands of the west coast of Scotland extending in an arc between 55.35 and 58.30 N and 5.26 and 8.40 W." This includes, General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003), Haswell-Smith (2004) pp. New Hebrides, officially the New Hebrides Condominium and named for the Hebrides Scottish archipelago, was the colonial name for the island group in the South Pacific Ocean that is now Vanuatu. The main islands of the Inner Hebrides are Skye, the Small Isles (Canna, Sanday, Rhum, Eigg, and Muck), Tiree, Mull, Colonsay, Jura, Islay, and Coll. The Outer Herbrides are a number of many smaller islands that are situated in relatively close proximity to each other. 2900 sq. The northern Inner Hebrides, including Skye, the Small Isles and the Summer Isles, are part of the Highland unitary council region. [33], In addition to being a hazard to navigation, the Torran Rocks south of Erraid are one of the locations featured in the novel Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! There are various small island groups within the Inner Hebrides that are included above. The cessation of local wars and the increased cultivation of the potato as a food crop were instrumental in the subsequent population increase, which soon reached the limit of the subsistence economy. Another example is the smaller island of Eilean Mòr in Loch Dunvegan, which joins with nearby Eilean Dubh and Garay Island at low tides. The Hebrides are known for their unique natural features. There are 36 inhabited islands in this archipelago, of which Islay, Mull and Skye are the largest and most populous. The main islands of the Inner Hebrides are Skye, the Small Isles (Canna, Sanday, Rhum, Eigg, and Muck), Tiree, Mull, Colonsay, Jura, Islay, and Coll. Orasaigh is from the Norse Örfirirsey meaning "tidal" or "ebb island".[5]. However, it was quarried to a depth of 76 metres (249 ft) below sea level leaving only the outer rim of the island. Herring fishing is important at Stornoway on Lewis. The largest island of the Outer Hebrides is Lewis and Harris, and the other large islands are North Uist, Benbecula, South Uist, and Barra. [9] Danna is also connected to the Tayvallich peninsula in Argyll by a stone causeway; and tiny Eilean Donan, dominated by its castle, has had a connection to the mainland perhaps from as early as the 13th century. The suffix ay or aigh or aidh is generally from the Norse øy meaning "island". Mountain landscape of northern Skye, Inner Hebrides, Scotland. Vatersay is the full stop at the south of the chain and is a beautiful little island dominated by machair and wonderful shell sand beaches. Lady's Rock, a skerry in Loch Linnhe, was the site of the attempted murder of Lady Catherine Campbell by her husband Lachlan Maclean of Duart in 1527. A period of social unrest ensued, and in the 19th century emigration from the Hebrides to Australia and Canada became common. Such is the enthusiasm for the Shiant Isles exhibited by the wife of Adam Nicolson, author of SEA ROOM. With an area of 239 sq miles Islay is the second largest island of … This celebrated, interconnected chain of Atlantic islands of the north west coast of Scotland caters for thrill seekers and chill seekers alike. Nonetheless, some have a significant degree of notability. They are subdivided into two groups—the Inner Hebrides to the east and the Outer Hebrides to the west—which are separated from each other by channels called the Minch and the Little Minch. See for example Hunter (2000) pp. In the Outer Hebrides all of the inhabited islands are now connected to at least one other island by a land transport route, but only four Inner Hebridean islands are connected by road, all to the mainland. Luxury cruises by Hebridean Island Cruises. The Collins Encyclopedia of Scotland describes the Inner Hebrides as lying "east of The Minch", which would include any and all offshore islands. Instrumental in this revival was the evangelist Duncan Campbell. Staffa came to prominence in the late 18th century after a visit by Sir Joseph Banks. What is the world’s largest archipelago? The islands of Scotland's west coast are known collectively as the Hebrides; the Inner Hebrides are separated from the Outer Hebrides by The Minch to the north and the Sea of the Hebrides to the south. The Hebrides are named for the Norse word Harbredey which, when roughly translated, means the "isles at the edge of the sea". [31] Belnahua supported a population of slate workers in its substantial and now flooded central quarry during the 19th century. The Minch to the north and the Sea of Hebrides to the south divides the Inner and Outer Hebrides Islands. Other ancient writers such as Pliny the Elder , the Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy , and Solinus (3 AD) all seem to mention the Hebrides, attesting to some contact of the peoples there with the Roman world. This chain of islands form an area of unspoilt natural beauty with spectacular scenery, impressive mountain ranges, moorland, lochs, machair and miles of golden (sometimes sheltered) sandy beaches and turquoise seas. There has been considerable depopulation, especially in the Outer Hebrides during the 20th century, because of a lack of economic opportunities. a group of islands (Inner Hebrides and Outer Hebrides) off the W coast of and belonging to Scotland. [3][4][Note 1], Various Gaelic names are used repeatedly. Hebrides, group of islands extending in an arc off the Atlantic (west) coast of Scotland. The wool was originally vegetable-dyed, hand-spun, and handwoven in the crofters’ own homes. St. Kilda lies some 40 miles (65 km) northwest of the main chain. The southern group, including Islay, Jura, the Slate Islands and Gigha are part of the Argyll and Bute council region. This aptly describes the Outer Hebrides since they are the most westerly islands off the Scottish mainland. 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