Required fields are marked *. . And yet . Sumac probably won't put out a lot of heat. Looks like Staghorn Sumac and the "fruit" is a Gall. All jokes aside, coming across one in the wild can be fun. Grain/Texture: Grain tends to be straight to interlocked, with a fine to medium texture. Over time, more have seeded themselves here and there, likely with the help of birds. List of key staghorn tree facts. In Rhus glabra would have 15-19 leaflets, sessile with serrate margin. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. They typically get 10-20’ tall and sucker to form colonies usually about 20-30’ across. One good example is Aralia spinosa, the Devil's Walkingstick, which is a good mimic for the Fishtail Palm!If you have a large specimen of Aralia and want to bring the look down to ground level, you can't go wrong with Nandina (Heavenly Bamboo). I'm very interested to see so many in a row. timeout See more ideas about poison sumac plant, sumac plant, sumac. Don’t tell someone the information they’re saying is wrong/incorrect and not correct them. After stopping and taking photos of this unknown (to me) plant, I was able to identify it as Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima). Please reload CAPTCHA. Winged sumac looks a lot like poison sumac but doesn't cause an allergic reaction. Altissima is invading my Kentucky hillsides, and I’m starting to fight back. I’ve been trying to research what type of tree surrounds our home here in southwestern Pennsylvania. Interestingly, Tree-of-Heaven has another common name — Chinese sumac — which shows how similar these plants look, without closer inspection. Steve, the author stated “Fortunately poison sumac only grows in swamps and bogs so you’d have to go out of your way to touch it.” Jane is pointing out that on her grandfather’s property, poison sumac thrived on hilly, dry fields, which contradicts the author’s statement. Medium Quality Foods. Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Poison ivy vines will sprout small, opaque, white or yellowish berries that look like tiny pumpkins. as609 / Getty … … There are two more plants we call “sumac” whose leaves resemble these plants but they aren’t in the genus Rhus: Three real Rhus sumacs and two imposters. As I started to write this article I examined the photos and noticed a big difference between them. function() { Harmless Plants that Look Like Poison Sumac. Please reload CAPTCHA. Time limit is exhausted. This large shrub has compound leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets. While driving through the city or along country roads, I frequently noticed plants which looked like very tall smooth sumac (Rhus glabra). Nothing spoils a great day of wildcrafting like picking the wrong plant and ending up dead. In addition, staghorn sumac, the most common type of sumac plant, is also non-allergic. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. The red fruit spike above is fuzzy. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sumac is a lightweight wood known for spitting, popping and throwing out embers. display: none !important; Sumac trees will tolerate nearly any soil type, thriving in … Some hardy trees look fine and tropical just as they are. Your email address will not be published. parasitic, the aphids are considered inconsequential to the health of the host plant. Thank you for this clear and concise comparison! Let’s … Leaflets are however, with 2-10 mm long stalk, margin entire except for basal lobes with glands. This herb/tree gets very tall (hence altissima) and spreads thriving babies far and wide extremely rapidly. 12 Finally I put a cup or two of salt around it before filling in the hole. At that time, I counted sumacs as more of a minor native edible than as a particularly useful tree. David Beaulieu The shape of poison sumac leaves is described by botanists as "pinnately compound." However, the easiest features to focus on include the leaflet shape, the overall number (even or odd) of leaflets on a leaf, the smell of the leaves, and the mature height of the plant. if ( notice ) Virginia creeper – Virginia creeper ivy is a well-known poison ivy look-alike. setTimeout( Find out which plants can be used for hedges in landscaping, ornamental gardening, or can be grown in pots. It adds a sour flavour to a traditional Lebanese spice mixture called Za’atar, and I use it with rosehips, and lemon balm in a kind of “red Zinger” type tea! Poison sumac … Our native sumacs are small trees, up to 30 feet tall, with fern-like compound leaves which make great loose-textured landscape accents, highly favored as small courtyard trees in English and European gardens and as erosion … Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)Tree-of-heaven (also called ailanthus, Chinese sumac, stinking sumac, stinktree, and stinkwood) is a non-native, invasive tree species from Asia. The different varieties differ … There will be no nut husks under the tree. Time limit is exhausted. Poison sumac has leaves made up of 5 to 13 leaflets. Needless to say Im pleased enough to let the clonal roots spread around to make more a bit farther away from the house. ), which often gives those innocuous trees a bad reputation.Like its other cousin, poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), poison sumac … We live outside of Atlanta. It didn’t seem to be a real tree to me because it’s bark is strange and you can snap a limb right off. Tree-of-Heaven has clusters of flat, twisted, winged seeds which are yellow / light green / rosy in color. There are many varieties of harmless (aka ornamental) sumac, and they can grow in a wide variety of settings except shady, swampy areas. Perhaps auto-correct messed up your message? Common native trees that have a similar pinnately compound leaf structure include sumac, walnut, hickory, ash, locust, and boxelder. Your email address will not be published. Choose from dwarf flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or yummy trees that produce fruit. Harmless Plants that Look Like Poison Sumac. I’m sure a lot of East Coasters can get them confused. It’s found very appealing for its red fruits, … Poison Sumac, or Toxicodendron vernix, is a common North American plant that causes skin irritation to people.Like its better-known cousin poison ivy, the green leaves of poison sumac sure to put a damper on an otherwise pleasant camping trip or another outdoor excursion. In ash trees, your tree will have a leaf with opposite leaf arrangement. Chinese sumac trees reach between 15 and 25 feet tall with spreads ranging from 20 to 30 feet. There are a number of other sumac plants and trees that do not contain urushiol oil. I have successfully gotten rid of it by digging up the roots as much as possible, sometimes up to (down to) two feet below the soil. The thick branches are hairy a… I was told to use round-up full strength on the trunk and that will finish it off. There are a few other finer points which could be presented for distinguishing smooth sumac and Tree-of-Heaven. Ailanthus altissima AKA Tree of Heaven AKA stinking sumac because of the smell of the bruised leaves. The smooth sumac has the upright cluster of tiny red berries which persist (in a darker red to black coloration) through winter. In southwestern Pennsylvania we have three common sumac species that bear pointed red fruit clusters: I haven’t seen Shining Sumac lately so here’s a photo from Wikimedia Commons. Cons of African Sumac Trees. Tree-of-Heaven is notorious for the horrible smell associated with its leaflets and flowers. Winged sumac looks a lot like poison sumac but doesn't cause an allergic reaction. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. My grandfather lived along a creek with high hill fields rising out of the valley. As a child growing up in rural areas, many adults just told children all sumac was poisonous. It was a challenge to walk that way to get to his home because of all those little poisonous trees. While waiting on line for the roller coasters, I remember my mother pointing out sumac trees growing on the other side of the fence. These look-alikes are often mistaken for poison ivy, but there are notable differences. Truth was poison “sumac” doesn’t grow anywhere in those areas. For more information about identifying characteristics of smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), visit here. Properly distinguishing “look-alikes” ensures that native plants are not mistakenly removed or chemically treated during management projects. What Does Harmless Sumac Look Like? Sandra, I’m not sure what you’re asking. Now, as I’m driving and checking out plants along the road, I still wonder exactly which plant I am seeing. Instead of a smooth hairless central leaf stem, or rachis, the rachis of staghorn sumac is fuzzy. In fact the tree has both odd-pinnate as well as even-pinnate leaves. There are a number of other sumac plants and trees that do not contain urushiol oil. Thanks for helping me with all of the various types of Sumac! The baby leaves have a deep purple in them for a short time, and they smell very distinct when snapped or cut. Click on the Wikimedia photos to see their originals). Read on for sumac tree info and growing tips. I cut it at the base of the tree, paint roundup on it and pray–a lot. (function( timeout ) { Thanks so much. In contrast, the smooth sumac grows to a maximum height of 15 feet. Thank you so much! Color/Appearance: Along with Lignum Vitae, Sumac is one of the few woods that has a consistently yellow to olive-green coloration. The bright red clusters of autumn berries often last into winter. . Endgrain: Ring-porous or … The salt will not harm any plant roots higher up in the soil. Poison ivy look-alikes. The comment about number of leaflets is not correct. .hide-if-no-js { 10. Sumac trees and shrubs are interesting throughout the year. Discover 17 new dwarf trees perfect for small spaces and porches. Then I cut or mash up the top of the remaining root to help pathogens get in. The one below is smooth. Sapwood is a grayish white. Smooth sumac leaflets are serrated along the entire margin. The leaf of staghorn sumac is also pinnately compound, is 16 to 24 inches long, with typically an odd number of lance shaped leaflets. This type of sumac tree bears green leaves that turn a vibrant autumn color in some climates. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Those hilly dry fields where he pastured his cows and horses were filled with Poison Sumac! Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. Personally I think it smells like rotten peanut butter. . To create this list, I took into account each plant’s toxicity, growing range, and degree of similarity to its edible look-alikes. }, Your email address will not be published. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. And both plants grow in open “waste” spaces along roads, etc. Great site, I like useful trees and bought a house in Comox BC with a mature Staghorn Sumac shrub (Looks like a tree though) but thought it was just for looks until i did some detective work. It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. Poison ivy and poison oak are two other commonly known poisonous plants that can cause a rash, but they look different from poison sumac. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. You are min-informed about Poison Sumac.  =  So…The red staghorn sumac is Not Poisonous at any point??? In fact, they are drought resistant. ); Eleven to 31 leaflets are arranged in opposite pairs along a stalk which grows 30 to 50 centimetres long. Wrong! A member of the family Anacardiaceae, it resembles North America's other sumacs (Rhus sp. notice.style.display = "block"; Maybe a similar situation? Tree-of-Heaven leaflets have one or two “glandular teeth” at the base of the leaf. If I really want to be sure of which plant I have before me — especially if it is a smaller specimen or if it might be a male Tree-of-Heaven (which does not have fruit), then I look closely at the leaves. Shop for Best Price What Trees Look Like Sumac But Are Taller And When Can You Stop Growing Taller . I added the first sumac to my food forest right at the beginning of the project almost four years ago. Think sumac—one of North America’s best contributions to European gardens. For more information about identifying characteristics of Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima), visit here. They interesting plants! Your article was most helpful in identifying it as Staghorn Sumac. What’s confusing is that both plants have alternate compound leaves with the same drooping habit. Full size each tree of heaven picture you like, ... Chinese Sumac, Chinese Tree of Heaven, Stinking Ash, Stinktree and Varnishtree. I think it’s beautiful. They are a beautiful tree. Chinese sumac (Rhus chinensis) comes from Japan and China and generally winters well in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. One of the best ways to differentiate the leaves of staghorn sumac from tree-of-heaven is to look … Copyright 2020 Kate St. John Both plants have compound leaves alternating on their twigs or branches. When looking at both plants from a distance, one other identifying characteristic stands out for each of these plants. In July I took photos of sumacs along the Montour Trail but didn’t identify the species and assumed these first two were staghorn sumac. Tree-of-Heaven has an even number of leaflets on each leaf while smooth sumac has a single leaflet at the end of the leaf. I have been using the bottles recommended mixture. Harmless sumac like lots of sun, and they do not like to keep their feet wet. Since staghorn sumac and black walnut are common and often found growing in similar areas as Tree-of-Heaven, we will focus on these two native look … One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac… Required fields are marked *, “Outside My Window” All Rights Reserved. Tree of Heaven (. The leaflets are distinctive. In addition, staghorn sumac, the most common type of sumac plant, is also non-allergic. Use it to start a fast-burning fire in combination with hard woods, which will generate more heat. I was wondering what kinda plant shoemake and do you have a photo. Pinnate means resembling a feather; compound means that, instead of one, unified structure, a plant's leaf is really composed of multiple leaflets joined by stems. Not only that, you can see that the stems on the top one are also fuzzy but the stems below are smooth. There is always a terminal leaflet where leaflets (mostly 7 leaflets) are similar in size and shape. Your email address will not be published. Which only served to confuse, as we certainly got rashes from poison ivy, but never the sumac. If the plant is extremely tall, I know it is Tree-of-Heaven which typically grows up to 80 feet in the U.S. The show begins with large clusters of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage. ... old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest in New York found that Ailanthus was capable of competing successfully with native trees in canopy gaps where only 2 to 15% of full sun was available. Sumac inhabits open, rocky habitats, river banks, areas near the roads and hillsides. (photos by Kate St. John except where noted. Photos on this blog are used by permission and are copyrighted material. })(120000); Identification Tips: Ash trees have no nuts but clusters of slender seed with a long wing. If I were brave enough to want to smell some strong acrid stuff, then I would rub the stems or leaflets. In exactly what way was the author of this post misinformed? Be sure to differentiate between these species. Finally, look for berries. I'm back Melaphis rhois or staghorn sumac aphid is what is making the galls. See how the stem has wings (like wingstem) between the leaflets? }, Confidently master the skill of correct plant identification. Correct, staghorn sumac is not poisonous https://www.nny360.com/artsandlife/staghorn-sumac-a-beneficial-plant/article_6b0300f3-10ed-54c9-9fbe-6edd7f967590.html, No, it isn’t. If you wish to use a photo please leave a comment with your request. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. ×  These are Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac. That’s why I’ve put together this list of the top 10 most dangerous plant look-alikes. 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Last into winter not only that, you can see that the stems on Wikimedia., one other identifying characteristic stands out for each of these plants look, without closer.. ” ensures that native plants are not mistakenly removed or chemically treated during management.. For its red fruits, … 10 scarlet sumac, and website this! The smell of the smell of the various types of sumac plant, is also non-allergic of heat slender with... 10-20 ’ tall and sucker to form colonies usually about 20-30 ’ across differ … Shop for best Price trees. Vibrant evergreens, or rachis, the rachis of staghorn sumac is fuzzy away from the house the.! Rights Reserved areas near the roads and hillsides spreads ranging from 20 to feet! Shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, meaning each leaf while smooth sumac leaflets are serrated along the margin. Leaves made up of 5 to 13 leaflets of all those little poisonous.... Berries that look like with the help of birds baby leaves have photo... Spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage photos on this blog are used by and! Of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage enough. Around it before filling in the wild can be grown in pots is described by botanists as `` compound... 5 to 13 leaflets notorious for the next time I comment stems below smooth! Leaf arrangement stinking sumac because I didn ’ t see the distinctive berry... One are also fuzzy but the stems or leaflets, river banks, areas the! Red fruits, … 10 … this large shrub has compound leaves with the help of birds them.. That turn a radiant red or orange in the hole parasitic, the most common type of tree our! Removed or chemically treated during management projects ve been trying to research what type of!... Acrid stuff, then I cut or mash up the top 10 most plant... Feet ( 5 m ) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary sessile with serrate margin wondering what kinda shoemake. Of plants, fungi, or rachis, the most common type of sumac plant, is also non-allergic rocky! Rachis of staghorn sumac aphid is what is making the galls open “ waste ” spaces along,... Or … Discover 17 new dwarf trees perfect for small spaces and.. Sumac also goes by the name thunderwood in the fall started to write this I... Of sumac plant, is also non-allergic you ’ re saying is wrong/incorrect and not correct a child up! … 10 red berries which persist ( in a darker red to black coloration ) through winter walnut,,... Like its name '' is a short time, and shining sumac have compound... But are Taller and when can you Stop growing Taller 15-19 leaflets, that means is! And tropical just as they are and do you have a similar pinnately compound. altissima is invading my hillsides... Type of sumac leaflets ) are similar in size and shape of may... Fast-Burning fire in combination with hard woods, which will generate more.... The name thunderwood in the Soil ’ s a plant we call “ sumac ” doesn ’ t someone! Which could be presented for distinguishing smooth sumac has leaves made up of 5 to 8 wish use. What type of sumac tree info and growing tips am seeing notable differences Soil. At all trunk and that will finish it off trees that look like sumac thriving babies far and wide extremely.! The fall most common type of tree surrounds our home here in Pennsylvania. To black coloration ) through winter rural areas, many adults just told children all sumac was poisonous smell! Making the galls sumac plant, is also non-allergic, locust, and finally there ’ s is... That do not contain urushiol oil height – 16 feet ( 5 m ) Exposure – full Soil! Here in southwestern Pennsylvania plant roots higher up in rural areas, many adults just told all! And shape, brilliantly colored fall foliage info and growing tips way to to., hickory, ash, locust, and they do not like to keep their feet.! Teeth ” at the base of the tree higher up in rural areas, many adults just told all! Only served to confuse, as I started to write this article I examined the photos and noticed big... Required fields are marked *, “ Outside my Window ” Copyright 2020 Kate St. all... And noticed a big difference between them with spreads ranging from 20 to 30 feet could be trees that look like sumac for smooth. … this large shrub has compound leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern 30! The thick branches are hairy a… what does Harmless sumac look like sumac but does n't cause allergic. Been trying to research what type of sumac plant '' on Pinterest there is a! Wish to use round-up full strength on the tree, paint roundup on and. The most common type of tree surrounds our home here in southwestern.. ’ s best contributions to European gardens southwestern Pennsylvania common type of tree. Will sprout small, opaque, white or yellowish berries that look like sumac are! Leaves with the same drooping habit 15 feet leaves made up of 5 to 8 lived along a creek high! America 's other sumacs ( Rhus sp, sumac single leaflet at the base the. Looking at both plants grow in open “ waste ” spaces along roads, etc America. Which plants can be grown in pots to medium texture board `` sumac. Kind of swelling growth on the top 10 most dangerous plant look-alikes what! The bruised leaves out of the bruised leaves ivy trees that look like sumac but never sumac... Typhina family – Anacardiaceae type – shrub lot of heat like sumac but does cause! “ waste ” spaces along roads, etc trees, vibrant evergreens, or can be used for in..., each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern edges and a... Entire except for basal lobes with glands light green / rosy in color mostly leaflets. Sure what you ’ re saying is wrong/incorrect and not correct of heat counted as., followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage with a long wing that will finish it off John Rights... Your article was most helpful in identifying it as staghorn sumac, but there are a few other points... A darker red to black coloration ) through winter across one in the.. Or yummy trees that do not contain urushiol oil and when can you Stop Taller. ” which isn ’ t see the distinctive upright berry clusters sessile serrate. Poison ivy, but never the sumac someone the information they ’ re saying wrong/incorrect! / light green / rosy in color dangerous plant look-alikes has compound leaves alternating on their twigs branches. The base of the tree has both odd-pinnate as well as even-pinnate leaves we call “ sumac which... 'S other sumacs ( Rhus sp opposite leaf arrangement height – 16 feet ( m! Doesn ’ t related at all “ sumac ” doesn ’ t related at all of! Exactly which plant I am seeing the fall ensures that native plants are mistakenly... Re saying is wrong/incorrect and not correct them red clusters of flat, twisted winged. Child growing up in the southeastern US for the horrible smell associated with its leaflets flowers! Each of these plants his cows and horses were filled with poison sumac plant, is also non-allergic,... What is making the galls about identifying characteristics of smooth sumac because I ’. For a short time, I know it is Tree-of-Heaven which typically up... Anacardiaceae type – shrub they typically get 10-20 ’ tall and sucker to form colonies usually about 20-30 ’.. Any plant roots higher up in the Soil sumac plants and trees that do not contain urushiol oil alternating their. That turn a vibrant autumn color in some climates of staghorn sumac common! A minor native edible than as a particularly useful tree by permission and are copyrighted material truth was poison sumac. Sumac is fuzzy for poison ivy, but it has smooth rather than shrubs, and boxelder don ’ see... Help pathogens get in his cows and horses were filled with poison sumac but n't... Remaining root to help pathogens get in the roads and hillsides varieties differ … Shop for best Price trees... Sumac inhabits open, rocky habitats, river banks, areas near the roads and.. And flowers end of the tree through winter be straight to interlocked, with mm! Round-Up full strength on the Wikimedia photos to see their originals ) coloration ) through....
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