Sep 9, 2019 - Explore Jimmy Knapp's board "Poison sumac", followed by 110 people on Pinterest. Add to Likebox #137478415 - scumpia flowers,tree of the sumac family in the garden. One of the easiest shrubs to identify throughout the year (unless mistaken for poison sumac, in the absence of mature fruit), smooth sumac has a spreading, open-growing shrub growing up to 3 m (9.8 ft) tall, rarely to 5 m (16 ft). Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. Smooth sumac (R. glabra) is scattered statewide. The leaves mature to a deep glossy green … Honor your veteran with a memorial marker or tombstone by Landmark Monuments. Bud Color - Gray-brown. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Pick out the oblong shape of the poison sumac’s leaves. Naitve Americans also used sumac leaves in the smoking mixture call kinninkinick. Native Americans made good use of the chemical defenses that evolved to deter herbivores. Smooth sumac has smooth stems, like poison sumac. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. The first step before eating any wild edible is to positively identify it. It is a woody shrub that grows three to six feet tall in the Rocky Mountains, but 10 to 20 feet tall elsewhere. Poisonous variety of sumac. The bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. Smooth Sumac is a native deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall and wide. Non-poisonous sumac has red berries. All parts of a poison sumac plant are poisonous and the oils remain active even after the plant dies. Wash your shovel when you have finished, using a detergent that specifies it is good for removing grease. Sumac can be both poisonous and not. You can get a rash from allowing your skin to brush up against poison sumac, even in winter. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and winged sumac (Rhus copallinum) are commonly occurring shrubs that may be mistaken for poison sumac, but there are several clear differences. Poison Sumac is a notorious plant due to the rashes they form but most people don't know much else about them. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. Poison sumac has clusters of waxy, hairless, whitish berries that are suspended UNDER the branches, like grapes. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. Poison sumac has clusters of waxy, hairless, whitish berries that are suspended UNDER the branches, like grapes. smooth sumac. Rhus glabra, the smooth sumac, (also known as white sumac, upland sumac, or scarlet sumac) is a species of sumac in the family Anacardiaceae, native to North America, from southern Quebec west to southern British Columbia in Canada, and south to northern Florida and Arizona in the United States and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico. Smooth sumac is much smaller, 10 feet tall at most. It is extremely drought tolerant and is often found in disturbed areas, open woodlands, prairies, on dry rocky hillsides, and in canyons. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and winged sumac (Rhus copallinum) are commonly occurring shrubs that may be mistaken for poison sumac, but there are several clear differences. Unlike winged sumac, it lacks flattened leafy “wings” along the central stems of the compound leaves. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. In fact the red berries can be crushed into water to make a tart drink (sumac-ade), due to the high concentration of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in the red covering over the seed clusters. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Leaves are alternate, feather-compound, 12–16 inches long, with 15–23 leaflets; central leaf-stem smooth, lacking wings; leaflets with tip pointed, base rounded, margins coarsely toothed; upper surface dark green, shiny; lower surface lighter to conspicuously white, smooth; broken leaves exude a white sticky sap. This variety is called Toxicodendron vernix (previously called Rhus vernix). A larva concentrates the sumac’s chemical defenses in its feces and then coils the fetid feces on its back, forming a fecal shield that deters avian predators. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The leaves of poison sumac differ in being hairless and shiny with smooth margins. The flowers, which range from green to white, are arranged in upright clusters called drupes. Sumac species tend to be regional. These leaves are tip shaped with a smooth texture (unlike staghorn sumac), and remind also laurel leaves. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Smooth sumac is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. Deer forage the twigs and fruit. Native Americans ate the young sprouts as a salad. A sumac plant is a type of small tree or shrub with compound leaves, milky sap, and fleshy fruit.. Tea prepared from green twigs was used to treat tuberculosis. If your barn cat goes through poison ivy or poison oak and you pick it up- you’re going to get the poisonous oil on you. Shining sumac is easily identified by its grooved stems between the leaflets. Staghorn Sumac is very common, and is not poisonous to touch. The poison sumac does not possess hair on its stem and branches and this can help to identify it from the staghorn sumac. How to Identify Staghorn or Smooth Sumac. Smooth and fragrant sumac are easy to distinguish. The arsenal of chemical defenses is so effective that only the sumac leaf beetle, Blepharida rhois, can eat the leaves of smooth sumac and fragrant sumac. The stems of most non-poisonous varieties are rough and hairy, though there are some non-poisonous varieties with smoother leaves and stems, such as smooth sumac and winged sumac. The most common sumac in my neck of the woods is the Staghorn sumac. smooth sumac. Interspersed throughout the bush are cones of petite red berries that add a wonderful splash of color. The sumacs are members of the Anacardiaceae (or Cashew Family), like cashews, mangos, and a few common poisonous species. Poison Sumac contrasts with other sumacs by having shorter leaves that aren't as elongated and are smooth around the edges. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. "[6], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T124270038A135957581.en, An Ancient Residue Metabolomics-Based Method to Distinguish Use of Closely Related Plant Species in Ancient Pipes, Non-tobacco plant identified in ancient pipe for first time, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhus_glabra&oldid=984165556, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 16:00. Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to distinguish them. The leaves vary widely by species, but most are hairy and have toothed or finely cut leaves. The galls are not harmful to the tree. Where Poison Sumac Grows. A rinse made from boiled berries was applied to stop bleeding after childbirth. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. A trilobata leaf develops as three completely separated lobes, while a glabra leaf is compound, 1 to 2 feet long, with 11 to 31 pointed leaflets per leaf — these remind me of the leaves of ferns. Smooth, Staghorn, and Fragrant sumac are three of the most common species of Rhus, which not only resembled each other, but were used similarly. Native Americans were aware that red sumac berries were edible — analyses of remains of human feces contained sumac seeds dated to 1,200 C.E. Bud Size - Small, round-ovoid with leaf scar almost Mitton: Smooth sumac’s deep red berries are edible, but its leaves poisonous Plant was an important source of food, medicine, weaving materials and dyes Both glabra and trilobata have rhizomes that send up young stems and this form of asexual reproduction produces clones of sumac. This stem configuration is quite distinctive once you notice it – it looks like it has been given grooves. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. CLICK HERE TO TURN ON NOTIFICATIONS. Smooth sumac, Rhus glabra, is the only shrub or tree that is native to all of the 48 contiguous states. Be careful to select the right species of Rhus, for many are highly poisonous. Poison sumac (T. vernix) Leaf. An extremely poisonous plant, contact with its leaves and stems can cause severe itching and swelling in humans. Outstand-ing red fall color. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. A good choice for difficult sites, mass plantings, screening and highways plantings. However, one species, Rhus glabra, (Roos GLAY-bra) the “smooth sumac” is found in all contiguous 48 states.The Indians used the shoots of the Rhus glabra in “salads” though many ethonobotanists say the natives never really made “salads” as we know the term. The sumacs are members of the Anacardiaceae (or Cashew Family), like cashews, mangos, and a few common poisonous species. Similar Images . Tea prepared from leaves was used to treat asthma and diarrhea. Sister plants: Sweet Sumac(h), Fragrant Sumac, Sweet-Scented Sumac (Rhus aromatica, ANACARDIACEAE); root bark; incontinence or urine (enuresis), hematuria, leucorrhea, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, cystitis, night-sweats, menorrhagia. Smooth sumac is a native plant found throughout the eastern United States. Red cone-shaped fruit clusters are held above the branches in summer, autumn and winter. All parts of the plant aside from the pollen contains urushiol, a toxin that is also found in Poison Oak and Poison Ivy. Sumac species tend to be regional. Female plants produce scarlet, hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into winter. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. It is found in most regions of NC. Note the toothed (not smooth) leaflets. The branches and undersides of leaves lack hairs and are glabrous with a whitish, waxy coating. The world of beer starts at Twin Peaks Liquor. Its leaves are especially attractive because they are much lighter on the underside than on the top surface. Burn sumac wood only if you are certain it is not poison sumac, and only under certain controlled circumstances. List of key staghorn tree facts. This variety has white berries that grow along the stem, and hang in clusters, like teeny white grapes. The fruit is persistent on the shrub into winter. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. Note: The edible sumac I'm referring to here is any of several red-berried species of sumac (Rhus spp.) Naitve Americans also used sumac leaves in the smoking mixture call kinninkinick. So while sumac fruit is not really a favorite wildlife food, it is an important winter survival food. 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