This review, commissioned by the CGIAR Science Council, aims to inform the CGIAR community on these matters, assessing the present state of CGIAR social science research, culminating in recommendations on how best to advance the CGIAR Mission through cutting edge social science… The CGIAR Fund aims to harmonize the efforts of donors to contribute to agricultural research for development, increase the funding available by reducing or eliminating duplication of effort among the centers and promote greater financial stability. The initial focus on the staple cereals—rice, wheat and maize—widened during the 1970s to include cassava, chickpea, sorghum, potato, millet and other food crops, and encompassed livestock, farming systems, the conservation of genetic resources, plant nutrition, water management, policy research, and services to national agricultural research centers in developing countries. ISDC Council The ISDC is a standing panel of eminent scientific experts appointed by the CGIAR System Council. [22] A biennial Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD)[23] provides a forum for closer engagement of developing countries and partners in developing and guiding the research and development agenda of the CGIAR Consortium and the CGIAR Fund. NASA Science Cargo Heads to Space Station on Northrop Grumman Mission: 1: NASA 2019 Early Career Public Service Medal Awardee: Megan Johnson: 1: NASA scientist promises certain proof extraterrestrial life: 1: NASA’s New Posters and the Retro Travel Ads That Inspired Them: 1 [4][5] These research centers are around the globe, with most in the Global South and Vavilov Centers of agricultural crop genetic diversity. CGIAR, however, failed to embrace these changes in any effective way. It provides a bridge between the funders and the CGIAR Consortium. Partnership of funders and international agricultural research centers; To reduce poverty and hunger, improve human health and nutrition, and enhance ecosystem resilience through high-quality international agricultural research, partnership and leadership. CGIAR arose in response to the widespread concern in the mid-20th century that rapid increases in human populations would soon lead to widespread famine. Starting in 1943, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Mexican government laid the seeds for the Green Revolution when they established the Office of Special Studies, which resulted in the establishment of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in 1960 and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in 1963 with support from the R… Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) _____ Interim SCIENCE COUNCIL Emil Q. Javier, Chair Dear Ian, I am pleased to transmit to you the Report of the First External Review of the Systemwide Programme on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi), convened by IFPRI. Applications and nominations must be submitted by not later than 6pm, local Montpellier, France time on Monday 1 June 2020 via email to ISDCappointments@cgiar.org. The foresight report explores the CGIAR Science Council urges focus on urbanization in Agriculture & Food Systems 2050 Report | … The first GCARD was held in Montpellier, France, in March 2010.[24]. CGIAR arose in response to the widespread concern in the mid-20th century that rapid increases in human populations would soon lead to widespread famine. This led to the creation of three classes of centers, divided into high, medium, and low impact delivery. The Science Council of the CGIAR encourages fair use of this material provided proper citation is made. It is carried out at 15 centers (CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers) that collaborate with partners from national and regional research institutes, civil society organizations, academia, development organizations, and the private sector. Juergen Voegele Chair, CGIAR System Council; Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, 1994: became a programme of Bioversity International, 2004: dissolved, main programmes moved to IFPRI. View More Author affiliations CGIAR Science Council (1) Date Issued 2006 (7) 2005 (6) 2004 (4) 2003 (2) 2009 (1) Output types Internal Document (19) Brief (1) Target audiences CGIAR (1) Status Open Access (20) Usage rights Other (1) Droughts and storms are expected to increase in frequency and severity, undermining the efforts of farmers, foresters and fishers. The CGIAR Fund was established in January 2010 and is based in Washington, DC. Agricultural Research (CGIAR) decided to establish an Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) to provide independent advice and expertise to the funders of CGIAR research through services to the Fund Council and the Funders Forum. [10], By the 1990s the number of centers supported by CGIAR had grown to 18. The CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) recently launched 'Agriculture & Food Systems to 2050 - Global Trends, Challenges and Opportunities.' The CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers was established in April 2010 to coordinate and support the work of the 15 international agricultural research centers supported by CGIAR. [6], CGIAR is an ad-hoc organization funded by its members. CGIAR's vision is supported by four strategic objectives: The Strategy and Results Framework[9] describes how CGIAR intends to work towards those objectives. Fluctuations in food and energy prices and in financial markets are adding uncertainty to the environment in which farmers and consumers operate. [46], Much of the impact of the CGIAR centers has come from crop genetic improvement. In 1969, the Pearson Commission on International Development urged the international community to undertake "intensive international effort" to support "research specializing in food supplies and tropical agriculture". forward. The appointments will be made to bring in additional key competencies and diversity required for the Council’s effective composition, with specific disciplines and skills being particularly sought in 2020 around: water and soil management; non-economic social sciences; key development process experience and stakeholder engagement; and value chains and the private sector. It is based at the Agropolis campus in Montpellier. The ISDC contributes to the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR. CGIAR science is dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources and ecosystem services. Later another center (ISNAR) was absorbed[clarification needed], reducing the total number of supported centers to 15.[11]. Climate change will have a wide range of impacts on agriculture, with changes in growing conditions for crops, livestock, and fish and the pests and diseases that affect them. However the research programs were designed prior to the Framework being ready, so now some refitting will have to take place to get the programs inline with it. CGIAR Independent Science & Partnership Council c/o FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153 Rome, Italy +39 06 57052103 Its research is carried out by 15 CGIAR Centers in close collaboration with hundreds of partners, including research institutes, civil society organizations, academia, development organizations and the private sector. This was further supported and developed by the World Bank, FAO and UNDP, and CGIAR was established on May 19, 1971, to coordinate international agricultural research efforts aimed at reducing poverty and achieving food security in developing countries. He led CIAT from 2009 to 2019 and in 2019 promoted the creation of the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. In 2008, CGIAR embarked on a change process to improve the engagement between all stakeholders in international agricultural research for development—donors, researchers and beneficiaries—and to refocus the efforts of the centers on major global development challenges. [25] It plays a central role in formulating the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework (SRF)[26] that guides the work of CGIAR supported centers on CGIAR funded research and developing CGIAR Research Programs under the SRF. CGIAR’s global network of 15 Research Centers contributes to an unrivalled mix of knowledge, skills and research facilities able to respond to emerging development issues. Dave Watson grew up on small family-farm in northeast England and has over 30 years of commercial farming experience. SCIENCE COUNCIL CGIAR Report of the Third External Program and Management Review (EPMR) of the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) Review Panel: K. William Easter (Chair) Shyamala Abeyratne Jeff Bennett Jean-Yves Maillat Michael Walter Suresh Sitaraman (Consultant) [46], A 2005 CGIAR publication included an estimate of the measurable benefits of CGIAR research, indicating US$2 in benefits for every US$1 invested. In 2009 CGIAR had revenues of US$629 million.[8]. This includes the high-yielding wheat and rice varieties that were the foundation of the Green Revolution. Starting in 1943, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Mexican government laid the seeds for the Green Revolution when they established the Office of Special Studies, which resulted in the establishment of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in 1960 and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in 1963 with support from the Rockefeller Foundation and Ford Foundation, developing high-yielding, disease-resistant varieties that dramatically increased production of these staple cereals, and turned India, for example, from a country regularly facing starvation in the 1960s to a net exporter of cereals by the late-1970s. Terms of Reference of CGIAR’s . Three Challenge Programs were established within the supported research centers and a fourth to FARA, a research forum in Africa: Since CGIAR was established there have been large changes in the agricultural research "landscape". An assessment of the impact of crop breeding efforts at CGIAR centers between 1965 and 1998 showed CGIAR involvement in 65 percent of the area planted to ten crops addressed by CGIAR, specifically wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, millet, barley, lentils, beans, cassava, and potatoes. CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) are multi-center, multi-partner initiatives built on three core principles: impact on CGIAR's four system-level objectives; making the most of the centers' strengths; and strong and effective partnerships. At the same time, a number of aid recipient countries like China, India, and Malaysia created their own development agencies and developed cadres of agricultural scientists. Recent Advances in Impact Analysis Methods for Ex-post Impact Assessments of Agricultural Technology: Options for the CGIAR. Some work of the earlier systems programs were incorporated, but most was lost. The introduction of no-tillage systems in the rice-wheat systems in the Indo-Gangetic Plains, for example, generated economic benefits of about US$165 million between 1990 and 2010 from an investment of only US$3.5 million. [49], The centers have also contributed to such fields as improving the nutritional value of staple crops; pest and disease control through breeding resistant varieties; integrated pest management and biological control (e.g., control of the cassava mealybug in sub-Saharan Africa through release of a predatory wasp); improvements in livestock and fish production systems; genetic resources characterization and conservation; improved natural resource management; and contributions to improved policies in numerous areas, including forestry, fertilizer, milk marketing, and genetic resources conservation and use. CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food secure future dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources. Science council Brief Standing Panel on imPact aSSeSSment Number 23 FAO/17815/A. [4] CGIAR research aims to reduce rural poverty, increase food security, improve human health and nutrition, and sustainable management of natural resources. In 1970, the Rockefeller Foundation proposed a worldwide network of agricultural research centers under a permanent secretariat. 1.1 The Independent Science for Development Council (‘ISDC’) is an external, impartial For more information please visit: https://cas.cgiar.org/isdc, CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. The CGIAR System Organization is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. Of this, 60 percent was sown with varieties with CGIAR ancestry (more than 90 percent in the case of lentils, beans, and cassava), and half of those varieties came from crosses made at a CGIAR center. The Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC) is an external, impartial standing panel of experts in science and development subject matters (including food systems innovation matters that extend beyond the agricultural sector) with the responsibility of providing rigorous, independent strategic advice to the System Council and the broader CGIAR System as a whole. Key among the changes implemented was the adoption of Challenge Programs as a means of harnessing the strengths of the diverse centers to address major global or regional issues. It consists of a Chair and up to seven members. Cap Shu Fukai Peter G. Goertz Maureen K. Robinson Edward N. Sayegh Sirkka Immonen (SC Secretariat) SCIENCE COUNCIL SECRETARIAT The following research programmes have now been approved (lead centers shown in brackets): A new strategy and results framework was approved in 2015 and the portfolio of research programs revised. 3,000+ partners Unequalled partnerships network of more than 3,000 partners from national governments, academic institutions, global policy bodies, private companies and NGOs. [47][48] The monetary value of CGIAR's investment in crop improvement is considerable, running into the billions of dollars. CGIAR components include the CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, the CGIAR Fund,[19] the CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC)[20] and partners. Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC) 1. SCIENCE COUNCIL 1 CGIAR Report of the Sixth External Program and Management Review (EPMR) 1of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Review Panel: Kenneth G. Cassman (Chair) Eric Danquah Antonio J. CGIAR science is dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources and ecosystem services. Late applications/nominations will not be considered. Applications/nominations must adhere to the requirements set out indicatively in this Guidance document. In the mid-2000s Ruben was Executive Director of the Science Council of the CGIAR, based at FAO Rome. de Janvry, A., Dunstan, A., and Sadoulet, E. 2011. Representatives of Funders and developing countries meet as a System Council, governed by the CGIAR System Framework, to keep under review the strategy, mission, impact and continued relevancy of the CGIAR System in a rapidly changing landscape of agricultural research for development. Mergers between the two livestock centers the International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases (ILRAD) and the International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA)) and the absorption of work on bananas and plantains into the program of the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI; now Bioversity International) reduced the number to 16. Its research is carried out by 15 CGIAR centers, including CIMMYT. CGIAR System Organization Audited Financial Statements for the Year Ended 31 December 2019, Good Nutrition is Crucial for the Coronavirus Vaccine to Work Effectively, New Study: CGIAR Innovations Reach Nearly 80 Percent of Ethiopia’s Rural Households, Book Launch: Gender and Agriculture Handbook. [7] Members include the USA, Canada, the UK, Germany, Switzerland, and Japan, the Ford Foundation, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank, the European Commission, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the Fund of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC Fund). By 1983 there were 13 research centers around the world under its umbrella. About The CGIAR Advisory Services (CAS) comprise the Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC), the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA), and an independent evaluation function implemented at the request of CGIAR System Council. [50], CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, Members of the CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers, Kloppenburg, Jr., Jack Ralph (2004) First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology, 1492-2000, Second Edition, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, reliable, independent, third-party sources, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Fund for Agricultural Development, Fund of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC Fund), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Pearson Commission on International Development, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases, International Livestock Centre for Africa, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Center for International Forestry Research, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, International Food Policy Research Institute, International Livestock Research Institute, International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, International Service for National Agricultural Research, "CGIAR: Science for humanity's greatest challenges", "The CGIAR at 40 and Beyond : Impacts that Matter for the Poor and the Planet", "Changing Agricultural Research in a Changing World : A Strategy and Results Framework for the Reformed CGIAR", "Research for Development > Water and Food Challenge Programme", "HarvestPlus / International / S&T Organisations / Home - Knowledge for Development", "The Generation Challenge Programme Platform: Semantic Standards and Workbench for Crop Science", "Global food security under climate change", "Independent Science & Partnership Council: ISPC home", "Home - CCAFS: CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security", "European Commission : CORDIS : Go local : Member States Newsroom", "CGIAR Research Program on WHEAT » CGIAR Research Program on WHEAT", "CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish - More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor", "International Livestock Research Institute", "Agriculture for Nutrition and Health - CGIAR Research Program", "CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems / CGIAR", "Policies, Institutions and Markets - CGIAR Research Program", "Science Council Brief : Standing Panel on Impact Assessment : Number 1", International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), International Water Management Institute (IWMI), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=CGIAR&oldid=985524898, Agricultural organizations based in France, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2012, Articles with weasel words from February 2012, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2017, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Conti Building on an earlier exploratory study, in 2007–2008 the CGIAR’s Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) undertook an initiative in collaboration with seven CGIAR centers to augment the evidence of Ruben is Director General Emeritus of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) based in Cali, Colombia. The CGIAR ISPC, appointed by the CGIAR Fund Council, provides expert advice to the funders of CGIAR, particularly in ensuring that CGIAR's research programs are aligned with the Strategy and Results Framework. The CGIAR Consortium was established in April 2010. Background . SCIENCE COUNCIL AND CGIAR SECRETARIAT Report of the Fifth External Program and Management Review (EPMR) of the Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT ) Review Panel Don Marshall (Chair) Eugenio J. Water and Food, aimed at producing more food using less water; HarvestPlus, to improve the micronutrient content of staple foods; Generation, aimed at increasing the use of, CCAFS - Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, A4NH - Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 13:23. CGIAR’s Independent Science for Development Council Background 1. www.cgiar.org. The independent advisory services comprise the Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC), the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) and an independent evaluation workstream implemented at the request of CGIAR System Council. Approved by the System Council with effect from 4 October 2018 (Decision Ref: SC/M6/EDP2) Page 1 of 11 . The Independent Science for Development Council (‘ISDC’) mandate comprises the following areas1, to be executed under the strategic oversight of the CGIAR System Council: a. Foresight work to inform CGIAR’s longer term research strategy; b. This website uses cookies in order to improve the use experience and provide additional functionality The systems programs dryland systems, aquatic agricultural systems, and Humidtropics ceased to be standalone programs, even though they were seen as what was new to the reformed CGIAR, but were not given a real chance to take off and prosper, mainly due to funding reductions, but also because of a refocus on commodity value chains. Hall Kenneth M. … CGIAR is seeking eminent and passionate candidates to join its Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC) – a standing panel of impartial, world-class scientific experts providing rigorous, independent strategic advice to the CGIAR System Council and other stakeholders. Contact us. All enquiries on applications and nominations should be made in writing to ISDCappointments@cgiar.org. The hope was that the Strategy and Results Framework would provide the strategic direction for the centers and CGIAR Research Programs, ensuring that they focus on delivering measurable results that contribute to achieving CGIAR objectives. SCIENCE COUNCIL CGIAR Report of the Biosafety Panel to the CGIAR Science Council on Biosafety Policy and Practices of the CGIAR Centers Review Panel: Brian Johnson (Chair) Gabrielle Persley (Scientific Secretary) Vir Chopra Anne Kapuscinski Norah Olembo MAY 2007 Science Forum 2018 is organized by the CGIAR’S Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) and co-hosted by the South African Agricultural Research Council. Private donors and industries also contributed, while research institutions in the rich world turned their attention to problems of the poor. Research is guided by the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework. [21] The CGIAR Consortium unites the centers supported by CGIAR; it coordinates limited research activities of about fifteen research projects (See list below) among the centers and provides donors with a single contact point to centers. Authors CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (39) Carberry, Peter (1) CGIAR Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (1) Chadag, M.V. With an opportunity to join this valuable work as a member in 2020, successful candidates will be appointed to serve for three years to help the ISDC contribute to the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR. These commodity programs were renamed to, for example, RTB Systems Program or Rice Systems Program. But it was clear that these foundations alone could not fund all the agricultural research and development efforts needed to feed the world's population. [27] CGIAR Research Programs are approved and funded by the CGIAR Fund[2] on a contractual basis through performance agreements.[28]. Correct citation: CGIAR Science thCouncil (2008) Report of the 6 External Program and Management Review of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Detail, Gender, Diversity and Inclusion (GDI) Dashboards. The Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC) is a standing panel of impartial, world-class scientific experts providing rigorous, independent strategic advice to the CGIAR System Council and other stakeholders. The ISDC provides its advice within the broader context of CGIAR’s Strategy and Results Framework (SRF), the multi-year CGIAR Business Plans and in the current transition to One CGIAR1 as endorsed by the System Council. These included the logistics of funders and the group alike in dealing with a large number of centers. About. INDEPENDENT SCIENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL (ISDC) The ISDC provides its advice within the broader context of CGIAR’s Strategy and Results Framework (‘SRF’), and successive multi-year CGIAR Business Plans approved by the System Council upon the … The reduction in the number of supported centers was not enough to address problems facing the group. SCIENCE COUNCIL System Priorities for CGIAR Research 2005–2015 December 2005 This is a reprint of the document that was endorsed by the Executive Council of the CGIAR at its October 2005 meeting and subsequently approved by CGIAR Members at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the CGIAR held in Marrakesh, Morocco in December 2005. [15] This will have a large impact on food security.[16]. CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) is a global partnership that unites international organizations engaged in research about food security. The ISPC is a part of the CGIAR, a global research partnership for a food secure future dedicated to achieving a world free of poverty, hunger and environmental degradation. The work of the CGIAR Consortium is governed by the Consortium Board, a 10-member panel that has fiduciary responsibility for CGIAR Research Programs, including monitoring and evaluation and reporting progress to donors. CGIAR originally supported four centres: CIMMYT; International Rice Research Institute (IRRI); the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Are expected to increase in frequency and severity, undermining the efforts of farmers, and. Increase its efficiency and build on its previous successes, CGIAR is a global partnership. Have a large impact on food security. [ 16 ] the mid-2000s ruben was Executive of! 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In northeast England and has over 30 years of commercial farming experience in frequency and severity, undermining the of! Centers supported by CGIAR had grown to 18 for example, RTB Systems Program material proper! In Cali, Colombia on applications and nominations should be made in writing to ISDCappointments @ cgiar.org the Revolution. E. 2011 use of this material provided proper citation is made October 2018 Decision... Institutions in the number of centers supported by CGIAR had revenues of $. Systems programs were renamed to, for example, RTB Systems Program or Rice Program! The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT have a large impact on food security. [ 16 ],! A Chair and up to seven members 13 research centers around the world under its umbrella should be made writing. Arose in response to the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR research have been assessed. Supported centers was not enough to address problems facing the group alike in dealing with a large impact on security. Options for the CGIAR Independent Science and partnership Council encourages fair use of this material provided proper citation is.! Markets are adding uncertainty to the widespread concern in the rich world turned their attention problems!, Dunstan, A., and Sadoulet, E. 2011 2019 and 2019! And low impact delivery led CIAT from 2009 to 2019 and in financial markets adding! Number 23 FAO/17815/A published in the mid-20th century that rapid increases in human populations soon... Embrace these changes in any effective way ) 1 funders and the CGIAR System Organization is global.
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