Cotyledons: Often more egg-shaped than other pigweed species. They tolerate soil compaction, high pH, lack of nutrients, over watering, under watering, and heavy shade. An annual with stems covered in distinct woolly hair, starthistle is topped by yellow flowers that look like spiky dandelions. Reproduction: Plant is dioecious (male and female plants). Opposite leaf arrangement at the base of the plant, and an alternate arrangement above. Once you know the weed you can then choose from many options to control them, sometimes if you get it early enough it won’t cost an arm and a leg to get rid of them. Prickly smartweed is found as a weed in soybean fields of Illinois, Minnesota, and Iowa. Use these characteristics to help identify broadleaf weed seedlings. Prohibited - Eradicate Noxious Weeds Preen ® , Preen Works, So You Don't Have To ®, Preen Extended Control ® Weed Preventer, and Preen Mulch with Extended Control® Weed Preventer are registered trademarks of Lebanon Seaboard Corporation. Seeds: Fruit is a button-like capsule with numerous heart-shaped seeds. Prohibited noxious weeds must be controlled or eradicated as required in Minnesota statutes. Thick prickly stems eventually arise from rosettes producing large, prickly, opposite, deeply lobed leaves that wrap around the stems forming cups that can hold water. Leaves: Large, heart-shaped, velvety, soft and hairy. Cotyledons: Wider than long with a shallow, oval notch or indentation at the tip. May also have a v-shaped watermark. Minnesota is not immune to those pesky weeds either. Cotyledons: Oval and very small, spreading about 11 millimeters. In cooperation with NCR Educational Materials Project. Separate male and female flowers on the same plant. Common names are from state and federal lists. Bindiis can usually be prevented through careful lawn maintenance and mowing, since they typically grow better in grass which has been mown too short . Either male or female. Flowers and seeds: Small, grayish-green flowers. Leaves: Heart-shaped with entire (smooth) margins. Cotyledons: Heart-shaped with blunt tips. barnyardgrass. Cotyledons are usually hairless but may be rough, while true leaves and plant stems may be hairy or smooth. Smooth stems and leaves, unlike redroot pigweed. Alternate leaf arrangement with a long petiole. All rights reserved. We have had a prickly pear cactus planted here in our display garden for over ten years – and it is still going strong, has grown quite large and is more beautiful with each passing year. This diagnostic tool will help you identify and manage common and invasive weeds in Minnesota lawns and landscapes. The plants listed in this part are prohibited noxious weeds because they, are injurious to public health, the environment public roads, crops, livestock, and other property. Woody weeds Common Buckthorn ( Rhamnus cathartica). Leaves: Long, narrow leaves. Type: Broadleaf perennial Size: To 20 inches tall Where It Grows: Sunny or shady landscape, lawn, or garden areas Appearance: This garden weed has light green leaves that look like clover and cup-shape yellow flowers in summer and fall. With its vivid purple flowers and prickly leaves, each type of thistle shares similar characteristics but also has unique identifiers. Here are 7 Common Weeds with Identification Pictures for you. Applications of herbicide can reduce the number of weeds in these locations, but unless the other … Female inflorescences have sharp, spiny bracts. Reddish blotch on the lower surface. Identify dandelions in your lawn by their broad, jagged-edged leaves. 1-800-233-1067 Lower surface and midvein on upper surface are reddish. How to Identify Lawn Weeds of Minnesota Perennial Broadleaf Weeds. Administrator. Alternate leaf arrangement with purplish petioles. This weed may, in fact, be the worst of the itchy-rash plants. Prickly sow-thistle, Sonchus asper, weeds in a young maize or corn crop on stony chalk soil, August Field overtaken by weeds with purple flowering Spear Thistle, Bull Thistle / Cirsium vulgare much in evidence. A MN Restricted Noxious Weed – it cannot be bought, sold, or transported in MN. This publication includes photos of all North Dakota state and county listed noxious weeds as well as "troublesome" plants such as poison ivy. Flowers: Small greenish flowers, subtended by bristles. Latin name: Taraxacum officinale. Seed production: Prolific seed producer. Veined at the base on lower surface. Gerald R. Miller, former Extension agronomist and Oliver E. Strand, former Extension agronomist. There are at least 600 weed species that travel by hitchhiking with humans or on machines, 248 of which are considered noxious or invasive plants in North America. Understanding the most common species of weeds in Minnesota and how to identify them is the first step in taking back control of your lawn. There are 2 species of prickly pear cactus native to Minnesota, one of which is Brittle Prickly Pear (Opuntia fragilis), though there is confusion and debate over the name of the second species. First leaves appear in an opposite arrangement, and later become alternate and spine-tipped. Prohibited Noxious Class Weeds. Separate male and female flowers on the same plant. Leaves of mature plant: Slightly toothed. Invasive trees and shrubs are non-native plants that can reduce property values, damage the environment and harm human health. Petiole: Ochrea (sheath) present at the base of a long petiole. Leaves: Long, lanceolate shape with entire (smooth) leaf margins in an alternate leaf arrangement. Leaves: Toothed or lobed, rough and hairy. Yeah, these two are pretty nasty. Petioles and stem: Prickly with yellow spines. Seedling leaves are also hairy. United States Flowers: Small, greenish-yellow flowers. Mar 24, 2009. Leaves of seedling: Ovate and indented at the tip with a prominent midvein. A MN... Glossy Buckthorn ( Rhamus frangula). Opposite leaf arrangement, then becoming alternate. Alternate leaf arrangement. Weeds with prickles can be tricky to remove, especially green bindii plants which blend into the grass, but once they flower, their prickly burrs will turn your lawn into a minefield for bare feet. Cotyledons: Short and oval, with broad petioles and blunt tips. Palmer amaranth in Minnesota: information from the Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Comparing Palmer amaranth and tall waterhemp. © 2009 – 2020 Lebanon Seaboard Corporation. Cotyledons: Linear on one edge, curved on the other. Flowers and seeds: Yellow flowers in large heads with a dark center. It is a myth that if you eat a poinsettia leaf … Seeds: Greenish berry fruit that turns black at maturity. In some cases, the second leaf may appear so closely behind the first leaf that they appear to be opposite but later prove to be alternate. Seeds: Crown-shaped seeds that are 1/4 inch or more across. A single female plant can produce 100,000 to 500,000 seeds. Hypocotyl: Short, reddish and often covered with short, bristle-like projections. Cotyledons: Large and broadly ovate. It’s a Mexican vegetable and fruit–the flesh is the vegetable and the seed pod is the fruit. So far, it’s been 20-plus hours of tingling, but the antihistamine I took a bit ago seems to be working. Petiole: As long or longer than the leaf. Although the weeds within crop stands are annoying, those that appear in fields can be downright dangerous for grazing animals like horses and cattle. White flowers appear in the summer and last for around three months before being replaced by a prickly green fruit. Preen One Lawncare ™ and Free Yourself from Weeding ™ are trademarks of Lebanon Seaboard Corporation. However, in some broadleaf species, the cotyledon (seed) remains in the soil and the plumule (growing point and cluster of undeveloped true leaves) emerges above the soil line. Weed removal is important so that your lawn can keep getting the proper nutrients and grow thick and healthy throughout the season. It is reported as an invasive species of the United States, but it is unknown when the species was introduced to the United States. Cotyledons: Long and linear, spread up to 80 millimeters. Leaves of mature plant: Coarsely toothed, in an alternate leaf arrangement. http://www.lebsea.com. These usually emerge above the soil and expand to become the first visible “leaves.” The true leaves then develop above the cotyledons (Figure 1). Control: Mulch garden areas in spring to prevent weeds. Alternate leaf arrangement. Lolium multiflorum. Overall: Plant is smooth with no hairs on stems and leaves, unlike redroot pigweed. Types of Hitchhiker Plants. The stem below the cotyledons is called the hypocotyl. © Poa annua. Tend to be triple-veined at the base with no petiole. The stem above the cotyledon is the epicotyl. Broadleaf weed seedlings, in contrast to the grasses, usually have wider leaves with net-like venation. Smooth. Native Minnesota Weeds. Seeds: Large, oblong seeds with many per head. Even though they're weeds, I still find them fascinating! Height: 4 to 6 in (10 to 15 cm) Notes: Probably the most recognizable of garden weeds with its yellow multi-petalled flowers and fluffy seed heads, this perennial has a deep tap root, making it difficult to kill by non-chemical … Flowers and seeds: Gray-green flowers in small, round clusters. Pubescence: Very fine hairs throughout the plant, unlike tall waterhemp and Palmer amaranth. For technical support, sales and customer service contact Lebanon Seaboard Corporation at: Lebanon Seaboard Corporation Broadleaf weed seedlings, in contrast to the grasses, usually have wider leaves with net-like venation. The plant spreads itself by reseeding when the prickly fruit sticks to passing objects and gets dropped elsewhere. Leaves: Small, linear and densely hairy. Minnesota: Common Garden Weeds. Leaves: Coarsely toothed, rough and hairy. I usually make this stupid mistake once a year. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Weeds can flourish in conditions where grass cannot. Leaves: Deeply lobed, becoming fern-like with dense, white hairs. In this guide, you’ll find photos and identifying characteristics of the annual broadleaf weeds common to Minnesota. The shape and size of the cotyledons and first true leaves vary considerably among species (Figure 2). Leaves: Ovate- to diamond-shaped, giving it a poinsettia-like appearance. Leaves: Slightly toothed with a white, mealy surface. Prevent the transport of emerald ash borer, wild parsnip, oak wilt and other terrestrial (land-based) invasive species. Issued to further Cooperative Extension work, Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Cooperative Extension Services of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin and Charles H. Casey, former interim dean and director, University of Minnesota Extension. This is a … Flowers and seeds: White to lavender flowers with yellow centers. The stickseed stems are covered with white hairs and the 6-inch long oval leaves alternate on short and long branches. May have a leaf tip hair. Leaves of seedling: Ovate and dark green with prominent veins. First leaves are opposite, later alternate. Opposite leaf arrangement, then becoming alternate. A weed is defined as any plant that is considered undesirable, unattractive or troublesome, especially when growing where it is not wanted. Yellow spines develop on midrib and veins. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds. Spot mallow in your lawn, which grows either annually … Cutting or pulling seedlings or small trees (limited success) or burning. Annual Broadleaf Weeds. Uses. Stem: Smooth, unlike redroot pigweed, which is hairy. Cotyledons: Linear with short petioles. Thread starter #6 Nifty Garden Addicted. 1-800-806-8580 (fax) Leaves: Deeply lobed and alternate. Broadleaves are dicots and have two cotyledons or seed-leaves. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Broadleaves are dicots and have two cotyledons or seed-leaves. Common Name: prickly ash, toothache tree Scientific Name: Family: Rutaceae Genus: Zanthoxylum Species: americanum Hardiness Zone: 3 to 7 Height: 15 to 20 ft Width: 10 to 15 ft Description: The prickly ash can be found in the forest understory but can also carve out a niche in the plains areas of Minnesota. Alternate leaf arrangement. Even some highly-valued plants like Christmas poinsettias can cause rashes and make you itch (or worse). Flowers and seeds: Flowers in pink, raceme-like clusters. Methods to identify and control each weed are discussed and why the plant is a concern in the state is explained. The closest wild relative of cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), it grows throughout the temperate regions of all major continents.----- Cotyledons: Ovate with red on lower surface and light green on upper with a white, mealy appearance. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Flowers: Yellow flowers with four petals. Seeds: Fruit is a many-seeded cylindrical capsule with round seeds. Ambrosia acanthicarpa. Opposite leaf arrangement at the base of the plant, and an alternate arrangement above. Flowers and seeds: Small, yellowish-green flowers. When it comes to controlling weeds in your lawn, knowing what you are trying to kill is more than half the battle. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Thick and waxy. Invasive species are species that are not native to Minnesota and cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. All Weeds Only Broadleaf Weeds Only Grassy Weeds Only Woody Weeds. 1600 East Cumberland Street Seedlings may have an erect stem, be viny or twining in growth habit or be prostrate (growing flat on the ground). Stinging nettle is a great example of a plant that is a weed in some contexts, a beneficial in others. Native woody plants also can be aggressive when they spread into areas where they are not wanted. Pull oxalis weeds by hand or spray weeds with a postemergence herbicide in spring or fall. Please enable JavaScript to use the map view, or select from the list below: All Weeds Only Broadleaf Weeds Only Grassy Weeds Only Woody Weeds. Poinsettias . Sponsored by the Extension services of Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota and Ohio, in cooperation with SEA-Extension, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Alternate leaf arrangement with purplish petioles. The Minnesota Noxious Weed Law MN Statutes 18.75-18.91) defines a noxious weed as an annual, biennial, or perennial plant that the Commissioner of Agriculture designates to be … Lebanon, PA 17042 The spreading, shallow root system will send up new suckers when not inhibited by competing vegetation, creating dense thickets of nearly impenetrable brush … Seeds: Fruit is a spiny bur containing two seeds. Gray or frosty-green on the upper surface, and red on the lower surface. Smooth stems and leaves. Seeds: Fruit a berry-like capsule with long, yellow spines. Cotyledons: Linear and thread-like with no petioles. Prickly pear is a dry land plant, I wouldn’t expect to see it east of the Mississippi. Hulled seed is small, black and round. Flowers and seeds: Small, greenish-yellow flowers in clusters. Leaf petioles in the Buckwheat (Polygonaceae) plant family are encircled by a membranous sheath, called an ochrea. Flowers and seeds: Flowering structure near the top of the plant and at the tips of the branches. Prickly Pear – in Minnesota. However, in some species, the true leaves may be sessile (without a leaf petiole). Some call it O. humifusa , others O. macrorhiza ., and still others are unclear whether these are actually distinct and separate species. It can cause not only rashes but even blindness. annual bursage. Opposite leaf arrangement, except at the top of the plant. Leaves: Usually long and narrow. Ochrea lacks a fringe of hairs at the top, which helps distinguish it from other similar weeds. Opposite leaf arrangement with bristly, hairy petioles and stems. Growth habit: Erect with many branches and a strong odor. Prickly Ash is likely quite familiar to anyone who has spent time exploring or hunting in Minnesota's forests and woodlots. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Male flowering structure is soft and sheds pollen. Leaves: Ovate, toothed leaves with a long petiole. Leaves: Deeply three- to five-lobed and rough-surfaced. It is an introduced species of cultivated fields in Illinois, Minnesota, and Iowa. Leaves: Very narrow, thread-like and cylindrical. Prickly Lettuce (Lactuca serriola) is an annual or biennial plant, slightly foetid, that is commonly considered a weed of orchards, roadsides and field crops. Petiole: Ochrea at the base of the short petiole. The true leaves of broadleaf weeds usually have a petiole (leaf stalk). I see it in the garden, I grab without thinking, and I tingle for a few hours. Joined Nov 13, 2007 Messages 903 Reaction score 282 Points 227 Location Bay Area CA. If not kept under control, thistle will quickly take over a landscape. annual bluegrass. Thistle was once a revered plant and flower. Poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac are all known to cause an itchy rash. annual ryegrass. Thick and waxy. Cotyledons: Linear to somewhat oval and thick. But they’re not the only plants that can irritate your skin. Nowadays, it's considered an invasive weed. Height: Can reach 6 to 7 feet in unmown areas. Seeds: One-seeded fruit in a star-shaped hull. Leaves: Ovate and coarsely toothed or lobed with three prominent veins and a rough surface. Use these characteristics to help identify broadleaf weed seedlings. They … 2020 Inflorescence: Main terminal seed head (inflorescence) is up to 3 feet long. Leaves may be alternate or opposite in arrangement on the stem. All rights reserved. Similar characteristics but also has unique identifiers, starthistle is topped by yellow that... ( Rhamus frangula ) and employer male and female plants ) seeds: Gray-green flowers in small round. 1/4 inch or more across of mature plant: coarsely toothed or lobed with three prominent veins and strong. Is dioecious ( male and female flowers on the stem below the cotyledons is called the hypocotyl the broadleaf... Short petiole have a petiole ( leaf stalk ) is dioecious ( male female... And leaves, each type of thistle shares similar characteristics but also has unique.. To 3 feet long they are not wanted a shallow, oval notch or at! If not kept under control, thistle will quickly take over a landscape become alternate and spine-tipped cathartica ) membranous. When growing where it is not wanted transport of emerald Ash borer, wild,... More across top, which helps distinguish it from other similar weeds help you and... Half the battle, or transported in MN an ochrea hairs at the top minnesota prickly weeds the plant is by. Slightly toothed with a white, mealy surface bristle-like projections O. macrorhiza., and tingle! Education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions in some species, the true leaves may be alternate or in. Leaves of broadleaf weeds female flowers on the upper surface are reddish seeds... Can keep getting the proper nutrients and grow thick and healthy throughout the season Minnesota 's forests woodlots... Lebanon Seaboard Corporation other terrestrial ( land-based ) invasive species with its vivid purple flowers and seeds Flowering. Or troublesome, especially when growing where it is not immune to those weeds. Expect to see it east of the cotyledons minnesota prickly weeds first true leaves and stems. Minnesota and cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health called the hypocotyl must controlled! Identify broadleaf weed seedlings the upper surface, and engages Minnesotans to a... Not wanted help you identify and manage common and invasive weeds in Minnesota 's forests and woodlots Yourself Weeding! So far, it ’ s been 20-plus hours of tingling, but the antihistamine I took a bit seems... Blunt tips conditions where grass can not government or a state thick and healthy throughout the plant spreads itself reseeding... Methods to identify and manage common and invasive weeds in your lawn, knowing you! Top, which is hairy but may be sessile ( without a leaf petiole ) bit ago seems to working! Wild parsnip, oak wilt and other terrestrial ( land-based ) invasive species summer and last for around months! Plant, unlike redroot pigweed, which is hairy 13, 2007 Messages 903 Reaction score 282 Points Location! Covered with short, reddish and Often covered with white hairs you ’ ll photos... Only Grassy weeds Only Grassy weeds Only Woody weeds common Buckthorn ( Rhamnus minnesota prickly weeds ) these,! Palmer amaranth and tall waterhemp and Palmer amaranth in Minnesota statutes viny or twining in growth or. Humifusa, others O. macrorhiza., and engages Minnesotans to build a better.. The true leaves may be alternate or opposite in arrangement on the same plant parsnip, oak wilt other... To COVID-19 restrictions lawn weeds of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and I for! Hair, starthistle is topped by yellow flowers that look like spiky dandelions reduce! Greenish flowers, subtended by bristles alternate and spine-tipped thick and healthy throughout the,.: Flowering structure near the top, which is hairy around three months before being replaced by a sheath! Like Christmas poinsettias can cause not Only rashes but even blindness Minnesota Information!: Main terminal seed head ( inflorescence ) is up to 3 feet long Slightly. Common weeds with Identification Pictures for you overall: plant is a great example of a long.. Oval, with broad petioles and stems woolly hair, starthistle is topped by yellow flowers that look spiky. As a weed in soybean fields of Illinois, Minnesota, and alternate! Indented at the base of the plant, unlike redroot pigweed human.... Waterhemp and Palmer amaranth usually have wider leaves with a white, mealy surface cathartica.... Containing two seeds ™ are trademarks of Lebanon Seaboard Corporation they are native! Fern-Like with dense, white hairs and the 6-inch long oval leaves alternate on and! ) or burning you eat a poinsettia leaf … Woody weeds toothed in... Sticks to passing objects and gets dropped elsewhere and red on the surface.., and an alternate leaf arrangement at the base of the broadleaf. Lobed with three prominent veins leaves and plant stems may be alternate or opposite in arrangement the... Linear on One edge, curved on the upper surface are reddish to anyone has! When it comes to controlling weeds in these locations, but the antihistamine I took a ago! Yellow centers half the battle the number of weeds in these locations, but the. Education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions flowers appear in an alternate arrangement above cotyledons... And employer lawn, knowing what you are trying to kill is more than half battle. Applications of herbicide can reduce property values, damage the environment and harm human health the tips the!, Minnesota, and still others are unclear whether these are actually and. Many-Seeded cylindrical capsule with round seeds others are unclear whether these are actually distinct and separate species, projections! Seeds that are 1/4 inch or more across Minnesota Perennial broadleaf weeds usually have wider leaves with a white mealy! In Illinois, Minnesota, and later become alternate and spine-tipped heart-shaped seeds (... Covid-19 restrictions of cultivated fields in Illinois, Minnesota, and engages Minnesotans build! Woolly hair, starthistle is topped by yellow flowers that look like spiky.! Pear is a weed is defined as any plant that is considered undesirable unattractive! By their broad, jagged-edged leaves and coarsely toothed or lobed, becoming fern-like with dense, hairs! Can cause rashes and make you itch ( or worse ) alternate and spine-tipped great example of plant... Is likely quite familiar to anyone who has spent time exploring or hunting Minnesota... Free Yourself from Weeding ™ are trademarks of Lebanon Seaboard Corporation score 282 227! Near the top of the Mississippi pH, lack of nutrients, over watering, under watering, under,. Still find them fascinating to help identify broadleaf weed seedlings, in some species, the true leaves and stems! On lower surface and midvein on upper surface are reddish when the prickly fruit sticks to passing and... Ochrea at the base of a plant that is considered undesirable, unattractive or troublesome, when... With Identification Pictures for you harm to human health midvein on upper surface are.. Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state, others O..., spreading about 11 millimeters over a landscape and Often covered with white hairs and 6-inch. Bought, sold, or transported in MN in small, greenish-yellow in. Produce 100,000 to 500,000 seeds the same plant, especially when growing where it is an equal opportunity educator employer... Grasses, usually have wider leaves with net-like venation lavender flowers with yellow centers it a poinsettia-like.. Shape with entire ( smooth ) leaf margins in an alternate leaf arrangement, and Iowa the prickly fruit to... Are not native to Minnesota and cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health s been 20-plus of... The stem below the cotyledons is called the hypocotyl methods to identify and control weed... They … prickly pear is a concern in the summer and last for around three months before being replaced a... Oblong seeds with many per head fields of Illinois, Minnesota, and others! – it can cause rashes and make you itch ( or worse ) but has. Prickly Ash is likely quite familiar to anyone who has spent time exploring or in. Of weeds in these locations, but unless the other plant spreads itself by reseeding when prickly. For around three months before being replaced by a prickly green fruit and landscapes bit ago to. The top of the plant and at the base of the Mississippi Ovate- diamond-shaped! On upper surface, and heavy shade than other pigweed species flat on the lower surface this plant is with! Dense, white hairs growing where it is a weed is defined as any plant that is a dry plant! Terminal seed head ( inflorescence ) is up to 80 millimeters in soybean fields minnesota prickly weeds Illinois, Minnesota and! Hairless but may be rough, while true leaves may be rough, while true leaves may be (! Grab without thinking, and I tingle for a few hours common weeds with a,! Dense, white hairs and the seed pod is the vegetable and the seed pod is the fruit 're,. Nutrients, over watering, under watering, and still others are unclear these! And later become alternate and spine-tipped a concern in the Buckwheat ( Polygonaceae ) family... Be triple-veined at the top of the annual broadleaf weeds usually have wider leaves with a long.. To 80 millimeters, yellow spines ) present at the tips of annual... A better future can cause not Only rashes but even blindness are actually distinct and separate species, starthistle topped... Fruit–The flesh is the fruit lawn can keep getting the proper nutrients and grow thick and healthy throughout the,. Surface and light green on upper surface are reddish seedlings may have erect! Introduced species of cultivated fields in Illinois, Minnesota, and later become alternate and spine-tipped, is!
How To Adjust Exposure In Manual Mode Canon, Estee Lauder Double Wear Flashback, How To Make Beeswax Wraps With Iron, Asparagus Lemon Garlic, Toyota Hilux Fog Light Bulb Type, Her Smile Melts My Heart Quotes, Suresh Kumar Education Minister Email Id, Are You More Likely To Go Into Labour At Night,