Lesser kudu are gregarious in nature. Diet - what do Kudus eat? Orchard grass hay, alfalfa hay and herbivore pellets make up the diet of lesser kudu at the Smithsonian's National Zoo. Listening with its large ears, the kudu barks and flees with its tail up if it detects danger. A female about to give birth leaves her group and remains alone for some days afterward. They are very fast and stealthy. However, scientists deemed it had been completely eradicated in 2011, and populations of lesser kudu are expected to recover. Kushukuru was born to first-time mother Rogue and father Garrett in January 2019. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Lesser kudu is around 118,000 individuals. This. These animals avoid open areas and long grass, preferring shaded areas with short grasses, instead. Bulls are usually solitary or live in loose all-male groups except during the breeding … Lesser kudu are forest antelopes found in East Africa. However, males actually mate after the age of 4 to 5 years. About one third of the estimated lesser kudu population can be found in protected areas, but the improved management and protection of these areas would offer a more optimal survival prospect for this species. When they detect danger – often using their large, radar-like ears – they give a hoarse alarm bark, then flee with a distinctive, rocking-horse running motion, the male laying back his horns to avoid overhead obstructions. Lesser kudu travel in impressive, bounding leaps, covering up to 30 feet (9 meters) at a time and reaching recorded heights exceeding 6.5 feet (2 meters). She checks the calf's identity by sniffing its rump or neck. The diet of kudus generally consists of vegetation such as leaves or newly sprouted twigs, as well as … The young have the same … They also have exceptionally large pink ears, which give them excellent hearing. The lesser kudu is vividly marked with 11–15 vertical white stripes, broad … Tragelaphus imberbis - Lesser Kudu: Web 334x240 (22kb) Image of: Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu) 861x597 (103kb) Kudu (Tragelaphus sp.) Lesser kudu are forest antelopes found in East Africa. Choose recycling over trash when possible. The midday is spent in rest and rumination in shaded areas. Facial markings consist of black stripes running from each eye towards the nose, and a white stripe running from each eye to the center of the face. This behavior can make spotting one while on a South African safari a real treat.. They can have a different number of stripes on each side of their body. This species will also receive woody browse and biscuits with enrichment. Challenges proceed among guys and females, where both lesser kudu will remain on rear legs and endeavor to push each other over, with the male typically winning. The gestational period lasts around 7-8 months, after which a single calf is born. What is a kudu? Loading... Unsubscribe from Chris Shannon? Related to buffalo, kudu engage in social licking, which is rare in … They are a brown-grey color with white stripes that go down the center of their body. The lesser kudu is mainly active at night and during the dawn, and seeks shelter in dense thickets just after the sunrise. Hunting is also a factor in the conservation of lesser kudu, but the shyness of the species often keeps it protected in the forest and safe from human hunting. Find resources to engage learners in grades preK-12 with science, the natural world, wildlife and conservation. Currently, this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing. Both sexes have 6-10 vertical white stripes on their sides, a white chevron between the eyes and three white spots on the cheek below the eye. Kudu habitat. Lesser kudu are mainly active at night and during the dawn, and seek shelter in dense thickets just after the sunrise. Both of them live in areas characterized by dense bushes or in the forests. Working ... Wood Badge Kudu Horn for Stephen Holloway of Denver, Colorado - Duration: 4:53. Juvenile males leave their mothers at the age of 1,5 years, and may form pairs. Kudu provides customizable digital textbooks with auto-grading online homework and in-class clicker functionality. The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore have welcomed a lesser kudu calf. Lesser kudu reside in the arid and semi-arid areas of northeastern Africa, including parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. Lesser kudu are classified as near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The Lesser Kudu … Cut back on single-use goods, and find creative ways to reuse products at the end of their life cycle. This species has a white stripe running down its back with 11 to 14 stripes coming off it and down the animal's side. The kudu is one of the most spectacular must-see animals for African wildlife lovers. When alarmed, they will stand motionless, confirming any danger. They rarely drink water and seem to get enough liquid from the plants that they eat. Contests continue between males and females, where both lesser kudu will stand on hind legs and attempt to push each other over, with the male normally winning. Despite emerging the victor, the male will never show aggression toward the female during the process. Lesser kudu are active mainly at night and in the early morning hours, and seek shelter during the day. Offspring weigh 9 to 16.5 pounds (4 to 7.5 kilograms) and have a 50 percent mortality rate by six months of age; around the same time, calves are weaned from their mothers. They are not territorial and fights between individuals are not common. Washington, DC 20013. However, when combats do occur, kudu fight by interlocking their horns and trying to push one another. Adult males, called bulls, generally live a solitary life, whereas females live in small groups. The Lesser Kudu and the Greater Kudu. Kudu can be found in eastern and southern parts of the Africa. Lesser kudu emit a bark vocalization when startled which warns others of potential predators. Seven year old Meringue gave birth to the calf in the afternoon of October 5th, 2020. Other articles where Lesser kudu is discussed: kudu: The lesser kudu stands only about 100 cm (39 inches) high and weighs 92–108 kg (202–238 pounds). Lesser kudu do not have a throat mane. They feed below 1,8 meters. Habitat The Lesser Kudu is primarily nocturnal and they inhabit dry, flat, and densely thicketed areas as well as woodlands and hilly … Lesser kudu turned out to be sexually active around 15 to a year and a half of age while guys are expected to mate around age four or five. You’ll often hear the word “kudu… They should help you better appreciate your next sighting! You'll learn even more and share the importance of saving species with classmates and teachers, too. If kudu sense any approaching predator, they give out a short sharp bark and then make multiple leaps up to 2 m (6.6 ft) high with an upraised tail. The Lesser Kudu and the Greater Kudu. The underparts are completely white, while the slender legs are tawny and have black and white patches. The lesser kudu is primarily active at night and in the early morning, seeking shelter shortly after sunrise. They browse on foliage from bushes and trees (shoots, twigs) and herbs. On Oct. 14, 2019, Rogue gave birth to a second male lesser kudu. Stripes stand out on a grayish-brown coat on males and a reddish-brown coat for females. However, at the age of 4-5 years, males prefer a solitary lifestyle and avoid one another, though 4-5 bulls may share the same home range. The kudu prefers dense bush on the foothills of mountain regions. Environments with mixed scrub woodland of acacia, commiphora shrubs, and mopane bush are popular kudu spots. They can also reach speeds of around 62 mph (100 km/h). The greater kudu is considered by many to be the most handsome of the tragelaphine antelopes, which includes the bongo, eland, nyala, bushbuck and sitatunga. The name found its way into the English language courtesy of the Afrikaans of South Africa.The Afrikaans term ‘koedoe’ is … Savannah woodland, including rocky areas. A small population of Greaters also lives in small parts of Chad, Sudan… Males are pale grey, and females are a bright reddish-brown. As the thinnest tragelaphine… As with many animals, an increase in human development also affects lesser kudu due to habitat being lost to farmland and human encroachment. Female Lesser Kudu In The Wild. Don't forget our special animals this holiday season! Did you love what you learned about this animal? Lesser kudu weigh 130 to 230 pounds (60 to 105 kilograms) and stand 35 to 43 inches (90 to 110 centimeters) at the shoulder. A large, striped antelope, the lesser kudu is always on the lookout for predators like lions and painted dogs. There are two subspecies existing worldwide: the Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) and the Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). The lesser kudu is shy and wary, and when startled flees with the tail held up, revealing the white underside. The greater kudu has a reputation for being both curious and highly alert. As most eland and kudu live in areas with thick vegetation, they form small herds. Overgrazing also presents an issue for lesser kudu. By becoming a member, you'll help the Zoo save species and get great benefits for you and your family each time you visit! Even when our gates are closed, we are still here, working as always to save species. Appearance. Cheetah Conservation Station is home to three lesser kudus — an adult male named Garrett, a juvenile male named Kushukuru, and and adult female named Rogue. Lessers live across a small range in eastern Africa, primarily in Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia. The Greater Kudu is 190-250 centimetres (75-98 inches) long and 100-150 centimetres (39-59 inches) tall. Males have a prominent black crest of hair on the neck. Lesser kudu live in several national parks. We hope you will join us in this important work. Females form groups of two or three, but males generally remain solitary, occasionally forming small bachelor groups. Kudus are diurnal that means they remain active in the day and sleep at night while during summers they usually prefer to stay hidden at … It has been described as one of the most handsome of the antelope family, due to the male’s unique large, corkscrew horns. Lesser Kudu. The greatest threat to lesser kudu is the outbreak of rinderpest transmitted by contact with cattle that occurred in the eastern regions of Kenya in the mid-1990s. Lesser kudu are native to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute 3001 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008, PO Box 37012 Territorial behavior is nonexistent; no real hierarchical groups have been documented, and fighting only occurs rarely, usually around mating time. 2. The male Lesser Kudu has smaller horns than the Greater Kudu. The greater kudu is also generally bigger than the lesser kudu . The greater kudu does seem to prefer a rugged hillside environment while the lesser kudu … Stripes stand out on a grayish-brown coat on males and a reddish-brown coat for females. Lesser kudu are herbivorous animals. An inhabitant of a traditionally dry area, lesser kudu have adapted to be independent of primary water sources, instead hydrating from the moisture collected in leaves. This species has been documented at 5,700 feet (1740 meters) near Mount Kilimanjaro. Appearance. Facial … Physical Characteristics Kudus, both the greater kudu and its close cousin the lesser kudu, have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of … The calf will lay concealed by surrounding brush while its mother forages for food. The females and juveniles have a reddish-brown coat, while the males become yellowish grey or darker after the age of 2 years. The Greater Kudu live in Eastern and Southern Africa. The lesser kudu has ten white stripes which run vertically down the lesser kudu’s body where the greater kudu can have anywhere between 4 and 12 stripes. Our premium courses are designed for active learning with features like pre-lecture videos and in-class polling questions. They inhabit dry, flat, and heavily forested regions, woodlands and hilly areas. They browse on a wide variety of forbs, bushes and trees. Tragelaphus imberbis. Lesser kudu and greater kudu are the two species belonging to the kudu family. MRC 5516 Shoving matches ensue between males where heads and horns will be pressed together in an attempt to force horns upon the opponent's nape. The lesser kudu can be a curious antelope and sometimes you may be fortunate enough when hunting lesser kudu in Africa that you can take a shot when they stand still and stare at you. One to three females, along with their offspring, may form a group. Males are also adorned with impressive spiraled horns which will twist 2.5 times and can grow up to 3.5 feet (60 to105 centimeters) long. Females and young have a bright rufous coat, which darkens to slate-gray in males. Males have long, spiral horns. Lesser kudu are one of the more striking species of antelope. The Lesser Kudu live in Eastern Africa and Kenya and Tanzania. Kudu are highly alert and notoriously hard to approach. Around 50% of the calves die within the first 6 months of birth from disease and predation, and only 25% can survive after 3 years. The alarm call is a sharp bark. They are a brown … A kudu has a brown-grey coloured coat that has a number of thin, light coloured stripes on it, and the ‘lesser’ species can run at speeds of 95 km/hour (60 miles/hour). Feeding primarily at dusk and dawn, lesser kudu eat a wide array of leaves, shrubs, twigs, grasses, herbs and roots. Female lesser kudus will form small groups of twos or threes; males sometimes form small bachelor groups, but are typically solitary. The midday is spent in rest and rumination in shaded areas. These antelopes also eat flowers and fruits if available, and take small proportions of grasses, usually in the wet season. The lesser Kudu is simply a smaller, miniature and very elegant version of the Greater kudu. Once gravely threatened by the rinderpest virus, their numbers are now rebounding. Lifespan for lesser kudu is 10 to 15 years in the wild, and up to 20 years in human care. Greater Kudu facts. Males are also adorned with impressive spiraled horns which will twist 2.5 times and can grow up to 3.5 feet (60 to105 centimeters) long. Legs are fawn colored, with white spots above the hooves. Educational Activities You Can Do at Home, About the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Lesser Kudu Born at Smithsonian’s National Zoo, #PandaStory: A New Field Trip Destination. Young lesser kudu, an east African forest antelope, in a clearing with dark background. As a public health precaution due to COVID-19, all Smithsonian museums will temporarily close. Leaps of up to 2 meters / 6.6 feet have been recorded, though these … Scrublands and woodlands make up the majority of this territory, with lesser kudu primarily avoiding open spaces and long grasses. Males have a prominent black crest of hair on the neck. Kudu is a type of an antelope. There is also a chevron between the eyes. Adopt a red panda to give the perfect gift to the animal lover in your life — even if that animal lover is you! Rifle choice is anything in the .270-.300 range. Greater kudu may be distinguished from a similar species, the lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis), by the presence of a throat mane. Reduce, reuse and recycle — in that order! What is a Kudu. A black stripe runs from each eye to the nose and a white one from each eye to the center of the dark face. Other threats to the survival of these antelopes include overgrazing, human settlement, and loss of habitat. Largely nocturnal animals, lesser kudu will seek shelter and security in dense thickets by sunrise. Lesser kudu are shy and wary animals; they do not usually associate with other animals, except when they feed in the same area. One long white stripe runs along the back, with 11-14 white stripes branching towards the sides. Horns are present only on males and are dark brown and tipped with white in color. Greaters have a wider range, but different subspecies live in different regions.Their populations run from the border of South Africa to Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. There are two species of kudu: Lesser Kudu and Greater Kudu. The greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) is a woodland antelope found throughout eastern and southern Africa.Despite occupying such widespread territory, they are sparsely populated in most areas due to declining habitat, deforestation, and poaching. Lesser kudu have 10 to 14 vertical stripes down the sides of their bodies. The male has long … They forage around sunset and sunrise. 1. Although local people hunt them for their meat and horns (which are used as music … The … They are sexually dimorphic (sexes have different characteristics) with the males having a grey … Large ears allow for enhanced listening abilities and predator detection, and the coloration of lesser kudu is such that when individuals remain motionless they are very difficult to detect in their natural habitat. In the Kruger national park Kudus eat 148 species of plants. Lesser Kudu on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesser_kudu, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22053/115165887. The greater kudu's horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 1.8 meters (about 6 feet), making 2-1/2 … Greater Kudu and Lesser Kudu have different distribution patterns. They don't have a fixed breeding season and births may occur at any time of the year. Rinderpest was a relative of the measles virus, and had the potential to kill up to 95 percent of herds that encountered it. Facts Summary: The Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda. The Lesser Kudu is 160-175 centimetres (63-69 inches) long and 90-105 centimetres (35-41 inches) tall. The mother and calf communicate with low bleats. The females and juveniles have a reddish-brown coat, while the males become yellowish grey or darker after the age of 2 years. Cancel Unsubscribe. Lesser kudu become sexually mature around 15 to 18 months, but males will not have achieved the social status needed to mate until age four or five. The newborn calf weighs 4-7.5 kg (8.8–16.5 lb). Kudus are herbivorous animals and therefore have a completely vegetarian diet. The Lesser Kudu live in Eastern Africa and Kenya and Tanzania.The Greater Kudu live in Eastern and Southern Africa. Lesser kudu are one of the more striking species of antelope. The mother hides her calf while she goes out to feed, and returns mainly in the evening to suckle her young. Kudus are a variation of the antelopes residing in dense bush or forest areas. Making a list and checking it twice? Both the greater kudu and its close cousin, the lesser kudu, have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of white hair between the eyes. Two white spots adorn either side of the neck. Male and female lesser kudu look very different. For these facts … Well-constructed bullets are a necessity when hunting lesser kudu in Africa. This species has a white stripe running down its back with 11 to 14 stripes coming off it and down the animal's side. A Kudu Image courtesy of ale_speciale/Flickr. Keepers have named this calf Kaddett. Greater kudu herds consist of 3 to 10 cows and their young. Here are a few fascinating facts and general information about the beautiful antelope. The area around the lips is white, the throat has white patches, and two white spots appear on each side of the lower jaw. The lesser kudu is vividly marked with 11–15 vertical white stripes, broad chest and throat patches, a nose chevron, and cheek patches. Like North American white-tailed deer, lesser kudus' tails are brown on top and white underneath and are held upright when the animal flees. Lesser kudu are also highly susceptible to the rinderpest outbreaks. Are you a student? Kudu are a type of African antelope that are found all over Africa, depending on the variety.There are two varieties of Kudu. Mature males and females are easy to tell apart. A female Lesser Kudu, Tragelaphus imberbis, hiding in the shade of an Acacia tree in Tsavo East National Game Park, Kenya. They browse mostly at dawn, feeding on the leaves and shoots of nearly 150 different plants! Facts About Kudu. The greater kudu is one of two species commonly known as kudu, the other being the lesser kudu… Both males and females become reproductively mature by the time they are 1,5 years old. Both sexes have white stripes on their bodies. We are not announcing a reopening date at this time and will provide updates on our websites and social media. It can camouflageso well in such dense vegetation that only its ears and tail can indicate its presence. Currently, with the eradication of the rinderpest virus, the future for lesser kudu looks more promising. Now more than ever, we need your support. Females and young have a bright rufous coat, which darkens to slate-gray in males. If captured by the predator, they give a loud bleat. These species have almost similar features, except their sizes as lesser kudus are smaller than greater kudus. The animal spends about 35% of daytime foraging, 36% standing and lying, and 29% in roaming. Gestation lasts six to eight months, and the doe gives birth to a single calf after separating herself from the group. Young lesser kudu, Tragelaphus imberbis, an east African forest … The Great kudu is a large antelope with tawny coloring and thin, white, sparse vertical stripes. Shyness and the ability of these antelopes to camouflage themselves in dense cover has protected them from the risks of poaching. Lesser Kudu vs Greater Kudu Chris Shannon. Currently he measures 0.9m (3ft) tall and weighs 6.4kg (14lbs). Little is known about the mating system in Lesser kudu. Make it the topic of your next school project, or start a conservation club at your school. This is Meringue’s second calf. Still, it is pursued for its meat and horns, which can be hollowed out and used as wind instruments or in spiritual rituals. The Lesser Kudu is smaller than the Greater Kudu. The lesser kudu stands only about 100 cm (39 inches) high and weighs 92–108 kg (202–238 pounds). The dense scrub and bush enable them to protect themselves from predators. Lesser kudu are fantastic athletes as they are able to jump distances of more than 9 m (30 ft), and more than 2.5 m (8.2 ft) high. The new calf will make his public debut later this fall, weather permitting. Lesser kudu are striking striped antelope native to the dry lands of northeastern Africa. The major threat to Lesser kudu is uncontrolled hunting by local people. At any time of the rinderpest virus, their numbers are now.. Are one of the dark face with science, the future for lesser kudu are two. A small range in Eastern Africa and Kenya and Tanzania you love what you learned about animal... Daytime foraging, 36 % standing and lying, and find creative ways to reuse products at the age 2... Small proportions of grasses, usually in the early morning, seeking shortly. Vegetation, lesser kudu facts form small herds in roaming will be pressed together in an attempt to force horns upon opponent... 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