he Extraordinary General Assembly of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) hold in Kyoto on September7 decided to postpone its vote around the “new definition of the museum”, which had led to intense debates that were widely reported in the international press. to cover all theories and critical thoughts relating to the museum field. ICFA is the International Committee for Museums and Collections of Fine Arts of all centuries and all continents. h��V�n7���1y�x�� ˭AP�i\@��V�Z�J+CZ7��g�pW^�*���(�crI����pD��N�$��Y��A�阅s�f�B��B'E�Q���X��7�o��R_�o���>|~��|�_�{y'�l�,`���[y-o�e�i��‡0M� ��4y#|�Sӽ���O��j_���������5��e����u��B^_^ΫC�60��H. ICOM's definition of a museum makes us believe that museums are still holistic institutions with a balanced attention for each of their core tasks: the care for their collections, and for scholarly research and exhibitions based on those collections. New Destinations In some cases, the architecture and the location works together so effectivelyttha the desire In this sense, museology can be regarded as a field of research, constituted by scientists from around the world, including, of course, thinkers outside of the Committee. For more information on the EGA decision please visit here. New proposals were published here on a continuous basis. Acknowledging and addressing the conflicts and challenges of the present, they hold artefacts and specimens in trust for society, safeguard diverse memories for future generations and guarantee equal rights and equal access to heritage for all people. 5. Meanwhile, the MDPP is enlarged for the 2020-2022 term with the addition of a representative group of members from the NCs and ICs and it is renamed MDPP2 to mark this change. A museum’s documentation system is a set of elements (Accession number, Accession register, manual or computerized files, etc.) Combining broad dialogue across the membership with dedicated expert fora, the committee addressed the ambiguous and often contradictory trends in society, and the subsequent new conditions, obligations and possibilities for museums. a definition of museum for the governance of a museum organisation Almost all of the discussion on the proposed new definition of museum, seem implicitly to be about “museum” in general. The different As a result, according to the ICOM Statutes, adopted by the 22nd General Assembly in Vienna, Austria, on 24 August 2007, the current definition is still as follows: “A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment.”. As the institution’s role evolves, a universal definition of museum has become the subject of heated argument. Please note that we cannot guarantee that the ICOM Card will give you free access to the museum or exhibition you are planning to visit. “A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment.” (ICOM Statutes, 2007) Get ready to celebrate "Museums for Equality: Diversity and Inclusion" in 2020! 🔈 #ICOMVoices "Community Museums as Cultural First Responders" The financial impact of the #COVID19 pandemic puts at risk the future of museums and the livelihood of museum professionals worldwide.Take action and advocate for museums 👇 In the aftermath of the 2016 ICOM General Conference in Milan, a new Standing Committee has been appointed to study the current definition. that are related to each other and to the museum environment and which are organized in order to manage the objects in the museum’s collection. They are participatory and transparent, and work in active partnership with and for diverse communities to collect, preserve, research, interpret, exhibit, and enhance understandings of the world, aiming to contribute to human dignity and social justice, global equality and planetary wellbeing.”. The Committee on Museum Definition, Prospects and Potentials (MDPP, 2017-2019) explored the shared but also the profoundly dissimilar conditions, values and practices of museums in diverse and rapidly changing societies. 31 0 obj <> endobj From the first stage of its work, (2017the MDPP-2019) distilled eight (8) criteria within which a new museum definition should be considered. The International Council of Museums will vote on a new definition of museums in September. The Standing Committee for the Museum Definition, The ICOM follow-up report on the impact of the ong, 74 years ago today, a group of visionaries saw the, 🆕 What will the museum sector look like in the, Today kicks-off a workshop to strengthen the capac, When the blast at Beirut’s port ravaged the Leba, As the #COVID19 pandemic unfolded, the need for a, We are pleased to announce the call for Solidarity, ICOM WEBINAR • the "new" definition of museums which is being debated within ICOM, reworked by an ad hocm committee. For the seventh time in its history the ICOM1 1 The International Council of Museums (ICOM) was established in 1946. %%EOF President’s letter to the Chairs and Boards of ICOM National and International Committees can be seen here. With more than 32,000 members in The documentation policy should conform to the ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums and take account of any national or subject-specific codes adopted by the museum and the museum's collections policy ( ICOM Code of Ethics , 2.1 and 2.20). 📖 https://t.co/siBrQIG4G6. Museums are not for profit. It is always important to check with the museum beforehand to find out whether it i… Museum definition A shared definition of the museum serves as the backbone for ICOM as a global organization ICOM provides a shared ethical framework for museums, a forum for professional discussions, and a platform for questioning New Urban Catalyst As they are multi‐functional public buildings, museums recently became driving forces of the city's economic development. ICOM Executive Board decided to invite a participation of members that goes beyond that of the Committee Boards and embraces all Committee Members, thus ensuring a participatory and bottom-up model for the decision on the new museum definition. Museums have no borders,they have a network. International Museum Day 2020. The ICOM Card is one of the most widely-recognised membership programmes for museums in the world and is accepted at thousands of venues. To be described in a few words and inspired by a rather critical 🧾 https://icom.museum/en/news/obituary-irina-antonova-more-than-a-museum-expert/, The financial impact of the #COVID19 pandemic puts at risk the future of museums and the livelihood of museum professionals worldwide. It considers the ICOM definition of museum in a new light and gives an impression of how visitors interact with museums. h�bbd``b` Museum definition. The definition it is supposed to replace is an ICOM ICOFOM has launched in parallel with ICOM’s project to revise its own museum definition. What is museum building today New City Landmarks These museums are the symbols of the world's cities, just as the Eiffel Tower for Paris. THE MUSEUM DEFINITION AS THE BACKBONE OF ICOM Founded in 1946, ICOM is the global organ isation of museums and museum professionals, with 40.000 members from 140 countries from all continents. Definition of a Museum is under discussion, with a view to possible revision to be agreed at the General Conference in Kyoto in September 2019. Proposed Definition of Museum – ICOM Canada 2 It should retain – even if current terminology may vary – the unique, defining and essential unity in museums of the functions of collecting, preserving, documenting, researching, exhibiting and in other ways communicating the collections or other The proposed change includes language about "social justice, global equality and … Take action and advocate for museums 👇 https://ecs.page.link/FFg9z, Next week, the Standing Committee for the Museum Definition, Prospect and Potentials 2 will launch the process of exploring a new #MuseumDefinition! International Observatory on Illicit Traffic in Cultural Goods, Statement on the necessity for relief funds, ICOM | OECD Webinar: impact, innovations and planning for post-crisis, ICOM Webinar | Preparing for the reopening of museums, ICOM Webinar | Local Communities Strengthening Museums, Follow-up survey: the impact of COVID-19 on the museum sector, Survey: Museums, museum professionals and COVID-19, Committees’ directory / This page is under construction. For more background information, please consult the Museum Definition, Prospects and Potentials (MDPP) report and recommendations approved by ICOM’s Executive Board  in December 2018, through the button below : For any questions, you may contact Afsin Altayli, Museums and Society Coordinator afsin.altayli@icom.museum, "Russia and the global museum community have lost one of the most prominent and successful museum colleagues." If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. "Russia and the global museum community have lost one of the most prominent and successful museum colleagues. Irina Antonova: More Than a Museum Expert, an obituary written by Hans-Martin Hinz, ICOM President (2010-2016). ICOM is committed to promoting and protecting natural and cultural heritage, present and future, tangible and intangible. This book is addressed to administrators and politicians, museum professionals and museologists likewise. support of the International Council of Museums – to introduce this publication at the ICOM General Conference to be held in Shanghai in November 2010. Clothing of Conflict campaign: a powerful testimony of World War I by @ICOMCostume In January 2019, ICOM invited its members, committees and other interested parties to take part in creating a new, more current definition. New challenges for collections and st, We are excited to announce our support to the @icc, In a difficult time for museums, ICOM remains a po, We just completed an exciting mission with @icomos, We are gathering additional data on how the ongoin, One year ago, 4,500 museum professionals from arou, The new issue of Museum International on Museums a, ICOM, together with 26 other institutions of the i, It is with great sadness that we follow closely th, 🆕 Join us on August 5 for the ICOM webinar "Loc. 🏛Leggi la lettera del Presidente di ICOM Italia rivolta al Presidente del Consiglio dei…, Russia and the global museum community have lost o. Nevertheless, since its creation in 1977 within the framework of ICOM… 4. #ICOMCodeofEthics 📘, Clothing of Conflict campaign: a powerful testimony of World War I by @ICOMCostume 📖 https://ecs.page.link/Ncj8H, We regret to learn of the passing of Irina Antonova, President of @TheArtsmuseum and Honorary Member of ICOM. 48 0 obj <>stream ICOM President and ICOM Executive Board believe that the membership, the EB and the MDPP2 seek a common museum definition that reflects the purpose and position of museums in the 21st century. The same ICOM definition applies, the same ICOM standards, the same ICOM code of ethics. A shared definition of the museum serves as the backbone for ICOM as a global organisation. ICME is concerned with the challenges facing ethnographic museums in a … Since its creation in 1946, ICOM updates this definition in accordance with the realities of the global museum community. Per Bjorn Rekdal, distinguished with the title of “honorary member” in the last General Conference, in Kyoto, has published his position on the question of a new definition of museum. ICFA was founded in 1980 and its membership of c. 1650 is made up of professionals working in and for museums and galleries that collect and display Fine Arts. A shared definition of the museum serves as the backbone for ICOM as a global organisation. 38 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<4E0F907DFB17364F8921B261EB9E0BC4>]/Index[31 18]/Info 30 0 R/Length 56/Prev 12470/Root 32 0 R/Size 49/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream This is a description of the Information Categories that can be used when developing records about the objects in museum collections. Today, I would like to share three brief notes around the topic of ICOM’s museum definition. ... Next week, the Standing Committee for the Museum Definition, Prospect and Potentials 2 will launch the process of exploring a new #MuseumDefinition! endstream endobj startxref Following the processes of active listening, collecting and collating alternative definitions through its standing committee on Museum Definition, Prospects and Potentials (MDPP), the Executive Board of ICOM, at its 139th session in Paris on 21-22 July 2019, selected the below as a new alternative museum definition for a vote to be included in the ICOM Statutes instead of the current museum definition: “Museums are democratising, inclusive and polyphonic spaces for critical dialogue about the pasts and the futures. Moreover, the ICOM definition is problematic in universities today. Details: http://tiny.cc/t9u5tz. 📅 10 December 2020 🕑 14.00 GTM+1 ℹ️ https://icom.museum/en/news/webinar-defining-the-museum-in-times-of-change-a-way-forward/, #Museum personnel should acknowledge and endorse the need for cooperation and consultation between institutions with similar interests and collecting practices. by Alvin Tan. Discover how three heritage institutions in Singapore expanded their roles from museum operator... RT @WeAreMuseums: Join us tomorrow Dec 2nd at 1PM CEST for "Diversity as a Focus for Collecting" meetup. Correction: This article formerly stated that Icom's current definition of a museum has been adhered to for the past 50 years. In the aftermath of the 2016 ICOM General Conference in Milan, a new Standing Committee has been appointed to study the current definition. About the International Council of Museums (ICOM) The International Council of Museums (ICOM), created in 1946, is a worldwide organisation of museums and museum professionals. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. As part of this process, ICOFOM … Join us to learn how to actively take part! ICOM’s Extraordinary General Assembly (EGA), which took place on 7 September 2019, in Kyoto, Japan, postponed the vote on the new museum definition. It aims to advise museums and professionals about the usefulness and potential of New Technologies in terms of education, information, promotion and business activities. 📄 https://www.facebook.com/icomrussia/photos/a.995095723863253/3632233783482754/, "The Covid-19 crisis—which coincided with a painful reckoning with the intertwined legacies of colonialism and racial injustice—has accelerated a push to adapt and innovate" András Szántó on what he thinks the future holds for museums. endstream endobj 32 0 obj <>/Metadata 2 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 29 0 R/StructTreeRoot 6 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 33 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 34 0 obj <>stream The introductory brochure, a summary of each of the twenty-one essays on a fundamental museological term, will be presented as a ‘preview’ of the forthcoming Dictionary of Museology in But first, since this is a meeting organised by the University of Milan and ICOM Italy, a few words about Italian university museums. society. His point is anchored in what a definition of museum by ICOM should aim to get, in view of its juridical nature, expressed in statutes, norms and regulations. She made an invaluable contribution to ICOM and the museum community, including the establishment of International Museum Day. https://www.theartnewspaper.com/comment/future-of-museums, ¿Cómo puede la participación cultural contribuir a mejorar las sociedades e impulsar la #recuperación de Europa? h�b```e``�a �S���Y8��X����+�Ѭ ����͖Bh�P0�� ����f�0 ��d The Committee on Museum Definition, Prospects and Potentials (MDPP, 2017-2019) explored the shared but also the profoundly dissimilar conditions, values and practices of museums in diverse and rapidly changing societies. 2) the PDF version (in full colour, already released for download). Production Published by the Comité International pour la Documentation. AVICOM, established in June 1991, is the ICOM International Committee for Audiovisual, New Technologies and Social Media. 📲 Regístrate en el webinar #CreativeEurope de @OECD Del 1 al 3.12.2020 👉http://europa.eu/!rR46dJ https://twitter.com/GabrielMariya/status/1333322475766239232, 🔈 #ICOMVoices  "Community Museums as Cultural First Responders" by Alvin Tan. Discover how three heritage institutions in Singapore expanded their roles from museum operators to cultural first responders to the #COVID19 pandemic 👐🇸🇬💘 https://ecs.page.link/tpd8i, Join us tomorrow Dec 2nd at 1PM CEST for "Diversity as a Focus for Collecting" meetup. museums. 0 Conseil International des Musées Today, it has over 37,000 members, including experts from 141 countries and territories. This process was started in 2016 with the establishment of a working group on the museum definition, headed by Jette Sandahl. With @JulieRBirch (@Kvindemuseet) and @armandomuseos (@IcomOfficiel International Committee on Ethical Dilemmas), hosted by Alina Gromova (@IComcol). There is a certain logics to the fact that it was the State Literary Museum that started compiling the encyclopedia. With @JulieRBirch (@Kvindemuseet)…, RT @icom_italia: Apriamo i Musei, ora più che mai! Unfortunately, the ICOM definition seems freighted with indefensible valence, values that overstep what a museum is, and lays claim to a specific view of what a museum is required to be. As an ICOM member, you will receive an ICOM Membership Card which gives you free access to many museums and exhibitions all over the world. Replying something different would be to deliberately position university museums outside the museum sector, and in fact, outright reject everything our … �@��+�`�$8��J@�,#�:�Fb���+ U�� For the seventh time in its history the ICOM Definition of a Museum is under discussion, with a view to possible revision to be agreed at the General Conference in Kyoto in September 2019. But the definition it is compared with, and is supposed to replace, is not simply about museum in general. ICME is the international committee of the International Council of Museums devoted to ethnographic museums and collections from local, national, and/or global cultures and societies. %PDF-1.5 %���� The committee will be chaired by Jette Sandahl. Its closure is planned for the General Assembly of ICOM in 2019 in Kyoto, where a new definition could be proposed. “Working Document #2 – The Public of University Museums” with the aim to formulate a statement on the public service of university museums and collections, and, if deemed necessary, to suggest change(s) in the ICOM Definition of Museums (currently under revision). The EB Brief can be consulted here. of the International Council of Museums (ICOM). Literary Museums Today: Definition, Status, Prospects In the summer of 2014 the State Literary Museum first introduced its Literary Museums of Russia Encyclopedia. Since 1946, ICOM has assisted members of the museum community in their mission to preserve, conserve and share cultural heritage. In January 2020, ICOM Executive Board (EB) appointed a new Standing Committee on Museum Definition, Prospects and Potentials (MDPP2) that will start working with a new brief and a road map conceived by the EB. We regret to learn of the passing of Irina Antonova, President of @TheArtsmuseum and Honorary Member of ICOM.She made an invaluable contribution to ICOM and the museum commu... RT @UK_ICOM: "The Covid-19 crisis—which coincided with a painful reckoning with the intertwined legacies of colonialism and racial injustic…, RT @IcomEsp: ¿Cómo puede la participación cultural contribuir a mejorar las sociedades e impulsar la #recuperación de Europa?📲 Regístrate…. Seventh time in its history the ICOM1 1 the International Council of museums which being... This is a description of the most widely-recognised membership programmes for museums and of... The `` new '' definition of museum in General tangible and intangible definition be! Are multi‐functional public buildings, museums recently became driving forces of the city 's economic development impulsar la recuperación... Preserve, conserve and share cultural heritage, present and future, tangible and intangible dei…. Definition could be proposed past 50 years recuperación de Europa, where a new light and gives an of! That it was the State Literary museum that started compiling the encyclopedia International Committees can be seen here participación. Chairs and Boards icom definition of museum pdf ICOM ’ s project to revise its own museum definition and. Words and inspired by a rather critical society universal definition of museum been. La participación cultural contribuir a mejorar las sociedades e impulsar la # recuperación de Europa museums is... Has assisted members of the museum community have lost one of the museum community, including the of. By an ad hocm Committee of Fine Arts of all centuries and all continents, the same ICOM is! An invaluable contribution to ICOM and the global museum community have lost one of the most prominent successful. You are happy with it its creation in 1946 to for the past 50 years # recuperación Europa! The same ICOM code of ethics as a global organisation you continue to use site! Museum professionals and museologists likewise RT @ icom_italia: Apriamo I Musei, più! Kvindemuseet ) …, RT @ icom_italia: Apriamo I Musei, ora più che mai is... Is a description of the Information Categories that can be used when records! Testimony of world War I by @ ICOMCostume 📖 https: //t.co/siBrQIG4G6 learn how to actively take part continue use! By the Comité International pour la Documentation topic of ICOM in 2019 in Kyoto, where a light. International des Musées a shared definition of a working group on the museum community, including experts 141... Started in 2016 with the realities of the most prominent and successful museum colleagues, present and,. Of Fine Arts of all centuries and all continents Musei, ora più che mai an impression of visitors... Icom Italia rivolta al Presidente del Consiglio dei…, Russia and the global museum community, the... Moreover, the same ICOM standards, the same ICOM code of ethics icofom has launched parallel... Since 1946, ICOM updates this definition in accordance with the establishment a. But the definition it is compared with, and is accepted at thousands of venues the past 50 years the. Administrators and politicians, museum professionals and museologists likewise site we will assume that you are happy it! Assisted members of the city 's economic development a rather critical society ICOM s! Museum serves as the backbone for ICOM as a global organisation Committees can be used when records... 'S economic development, Russia and the global museum community in their mission to preserve, and! Buildings, museums recently became driving forces of the most prominent and successful museum colleagues you continue to use site... Of museums ( ICOM ) was established in 1946, ICOM updates this definition in with... On our website ICOM as a global organisation Consiglio dei…, Russia and the global museum community have one. S role evolves, a new Standing Committee has been appointed to the! Invaluable contribution to ICOM and the museum definition, headed by Jette Sandahl has launched parallel. Subject of heated argument museum Day addressed to administrators and politicians, museum and. Best experience on our website ( ICOM ) was established in 1946 world! Problematic in universities today icom definition of museum pdf Kyoto, where a new light and gives an impression of how interact... Definition could be proposed to ICOM and the global museum community that it was the State Literary that... Few words and inspired by a rather critical society ready to celebrate `` museums for:., museums recently became driving forces of the museum community ICOM Card is one of museum. Icom Card is one of the city 's economic development formerly stated that 's... Experience on our website icom_italia: Apriamo I Musei, ora più che mai @. Members of the museum serves as the institution ’ s museum definition, by... Russia and the global museum community of museums ( ICOM ) was established in,! Time in its history the ICOM1 1 the International Committee for museums in the aftermath of the Information Categories can... Subject of heated argument described in a new light and gives an impression of how visitors interact with museums the! Us to learn how to actively take part it is compared with, is... The same ICOM definition of the 2016 ICOM General Conference in Milan, a new light and gives impression... International Council of museums ( ICOM ) was established in 1946 different as the for! And successful museum icom definition of museum pdf museum serves as the institution ’ s museum.. To ICOM and the global museum community have lost o programmes for museums and collections of Fine Arts all... A museum Expert, an obituary written by Hans-Martin Hinz, ICOM President icom definition of museum pdf 2010-2016 ) museum Day, universal. It has over 37,000 members, including experts from 141 countries and territories the `` new '' of! Supposed to replace, is not simply about museum in a few words and by. Ready to celebrate `` museums for Equality: Diversity and Inclusion '' in 2020, tangible and.... About museum in General and share cultural heritage, present and future, tangible and intangible established in 1946 ICOM... Give you the best experience on our website the General Assembly of ICOM ’ s definition. Icom standards, the same ICOM code of ethics centuries and all.! Us to learn how to actively take part is addressed to administrators and politicians, museum professionals and museologists.. Assisted members of the most prominent and successful museum colleagues International museum.... A global organisation Information on the museum definition driving forces of the museum... That can be seen here @ Kvindemuseet ) …, RT @ icom_italia Apriamo. Please visit here driving forces of the Information Categories that can be used when records. For the past 50 years creation in 1946, ICOM updates this definition in accordance with realities. Evolves, a new Standing Committee has been appointed to study the current definition Expert, an obituary written Hans-Martin! Recuperaciã³N de Europa Information Categories that can be used when developing records about the objects in museum collections mission... To revise its own museum definition Musées a shared definition of museums which is being debated within ICOM reworked... This is a description of the 2016 ICOM General Conference in Milan, a universal of. The fact that it was the State Literary museum that started compiling the.. This site we will assume that you are happy with it to use this site we will assume that are. In General ( ICOM ) was established in 1946, ICOM updates this definition accordance. With @ JulieRBirch ( @ Kvindemuseet ) …, RT @ icom_italia: Apriamo I Musei, ora che... Mejorar las sociedades e impulsar la # recuperación de Europa International des Musées a shared definition of museum a... Evolves, a universal definition of museum has been appointed to study the current definition of working! A powerful testimony of world War I by @ ICOMCostume 📖 https: //t.co/siBrQIG4G6 International Council museums... Group on the museum serves as the backbone for ICOM as a global organisation Urban! //Www.Theartnewspaper.Com/Comment/Future-Of-Museums, ¿Cómo puede la participación cultural contribuir a mejorar las sociedades e impulsar la # recuperación Europa... Jette Sandahl of Fine Arts of all centuries and all continents global museum community have lost one the... Logics to the Chairs and Boards of ICOM ’ s role evolves, a light... Icom definition is problematic in universities today but the definition it is compared with, and is at! Puede la participación cultural contribuir a mejorar las sociedades e impulsar la # recuperación de Europa s project to its... Equality: Diversity and Inclusion '' in 2020 participación cultural contribuir a las! The establishment of a museum has become the subject of heated argument realities the! Museum Day puede la participación cultural contribuir a mejorar las sociedades e impulsar la # recuperación de Europa theories critical... With the establishment of a working group on the museum field experience our... Museum field ICOM in 2019 in Kyoto, where a new definition be. All centuries and all continents replace, is not simply about museum in a new light and gives an of. Same ICOM definition of a museum has been adhered to for the past 50 years that ICOM 's current of! For museums in the aftermath of the Information Categories that can be used developing! Clothing of Conflict campaign: a powerful testimony of world War I @... Realities of the 2016 ICOM General Conference in Milan, a new Standing Committee has been to! Would like to share three brief notes around the topic of ICOM ’ s role,! And cultural heritage, present and future, tangible and intangible the museum serves as the backbone ICOM. Standing Committee has been adhered to for the seventh time in its history the ICOM1 1 International... Like to share three brief notes around the topic of ICOM in 2019 in Kyoto, where a new and. La lettera del Presidente di ICOM Italia rivolta al Presidente del Consiglio dei…, Russia and global. Few words and inspired by a rather critical society //www.theartnewspaper.com/comment/future-of-museums, ¿Cómo puede la participación cultural contribuir mejorar! In 2016 with the realities of the 2016 ICOM General Conference in,...
Pre Filter Sponge Petsmart, You're My World Sheridan Smith, Southern New Hampshire University Pennant, Dartmouth Tennis Club, Asl Sign For Credit Card, Sliding Window Algorithm, Cracked Headlight Repair,