Some features of this site may not work without it. Chiron's giving advice to Achilles alludes to the Cheironos hypo- thekai, a work belonging to the Hesiodic corpus and didactic in genre. I In order of citation: E. Fraenkel, Horace (Oxford 1957) 66; D. Mankin, "Achilles in Horace's 13th Epode," WS 102 (1989) 133; F. Lasserre, Les dpodes dIArchiloque (Paris 1950) 323. Horace, Epode 16 Altera iam teritur bellis civilibus aetas, suis et ipsa Roma viribus ruit: quam neque finitmi valuerunt perdere Marsi. But the most important source for the inability to return home as an expression of mortality is the Homeric version of Achilles' dual fates, (11. sodales at Carm. ACCUEIL | OPERA OMNIA | ... (I.13) Une passion toujours vive pour Lydie. Horace was the bartender at The Drunken Clam. In Epodr 13 "wise endurance" consists of wine and song. Tom Phillips; The Cambridge Classical Journal, June 2015, Cambridge University Press; DOI: 10.1017/s1750270515000020 Insistence on Achilles' mortality denies the possibility of hope in the context of the civil wars for which he indirectly figures. This procedure of double movements demands continual reinter- pretation of the poem on the part of the reader. The differences between these Greek predictions of Achilles' fu- ture and Chiron's prediction in the epode are more telling than the similarities. Odes by Horace, translated from Latin by Wikisource Ode 1.13. Online Books by. From Wikisource < Translation:Odes (Horace) | Book I. Today she stands up in the name of Horace, ... See all episodes from Natalie Haynes Stands Up for the Classics Broadcasts. This doubling factor is a result of the exemplum's mirroring effect and this structure strengthens immeasurably the already existent dynamics of the poem. If honoring the gods and one's parents is traditional advice, the exhortation to drink and song is the symposium's answer to teaching.22 A resemblance is estab-. The exemplification in Epode 13, however, goes beyond the formal comparison of Chiron to the poet. I I. With Barry Jackson, Jean Heywood, Daphne Heard, Anthony Wingate. The best evidence for the generic associations of klea andron is the use of this phrase to designate what Demodokos sings (Od.8.73). Z. Gfombiowska, "Quomodo Q. Horatius Iliadis versus usurpaverit eosque interpretatus sit," Meander 43 (1988) 197-212. ,J.-C. mais, à cette réserve près, la chronologie des œuvres me paraît ίμβίβ. Only 10 left in stock (more on the way). Although this prediction comes before Achilles' birth, as in Catullus 64, and was consequently not made to the boy himself, a structural sim- ilarity to Epode 13 remains in that the report of a third party allows for the inclusion of a verb of utterance: in Euripides' choral ode exonomazen (1066); in Epode 13 cecinit (11). These top- ics are anything that contributes to senectus, and more exactly, the indeterminate haec (7) the poet refrains from specifying. And yet the correspondences between the exem- plum and its frame do bring the diverse parts of the poem into a single whole-and one not bound merely on the surface by some formal glue.4 Unity in this poem is achieved against great odds. . The allusions to Homer, however, in this passage go beyond the requisite Homeric background in any treatment of Achilles, particu- larly when the issue of mortality is at stake. The poet announces that he is willing to share the dangers of his influential friend, even though he is unwarlike himself. Although the qualification dum intimates that this condition of health will not last, the idea that you can dissolve old age from your forehead implies that, regardless of your actual age, senectus is a state of mind. A SYMPOTIC ACHILLES, HORACE EPODE 13 This poem has been judged a "perfect unity" by some, while oth- ers point out "serious difficulties in interpretation" and "une certaine maladresse" in the depiction of Achilles. However undesirable old age may be, ward-. West, D. A., Horace, Odes I, Oxford1995. The main speaker advises a consoler to emphasize the sufferer's means of endurance rather than his discomfort: it/ c.nim tulerir qitisq~cc. 1062. The surface polish of Epode 13 belies its underlying complexities and the mirroring effect of the exemplum on the frame accommodates difference as well as sim- ilarity. : iam iam non domus accipiet te laeta neque uxor / optima nec dulces occurrent oscula nati / praeripere (3.894-6),33 and to a Greek tomb inscription (Peek, GV 1827.1-4): 6fi pazqe oc, @~AoEcve,aav Eeazhv xeoviw~ hy$~baAoiiaa 66eqv,o66k ycz' 6~06ov hv' hyaxAvzov 4Av0es &azvyvpvaaiov axleew yq0oavvo~ 6an66cp. VII.11-12) (David Porter, Horace’s Poetic Journey, p. 258). He says when life feels like a howling storm, take comfort in a bottle of wine and a great story..Horace references one story in particular in Epode 13, the story of the warrior Achilles. IlFraenkel's phrase (note I above) 66. 17 Loupiac (1998) 251. Even though the adjective modifying him does not find an exact equivalent in the list from the A.P, it does nevertheless fall within the same range: insolentem (2). He presumably means direct speech, and, if so, this may also be a factor in the direct quotation of Chiron's speech in Epode 13. This song is to have the beneficial (iuvat 9) quality of alleviating (levare 10)cares, and it is to be like (ut 11) the song that the Centaur once sang to Achilles. If you should have access and can't see this content please, Lyrik als Philologie: zur Rezeption hellenistischer Pindarkommentierung in den Oden des Horaz, Polyhymnia: the rhetoric of Horatian lyric discourse, Between ecstasy and truth: interpretations of Greek poetics from Homer to Longinus, Allusion and intertext: dynamics of appropriation in Roman poetry, First-person fictions: Pindar's poetic ‘I’, Structure and allusion in Horace's book of, Symposium and genre in the poetry of Horace, The Homeric scholia and the Aeneid: a study of the influence of ancient Homeric literary criticism on Vergil. Accepting a singular addressee of course makes for a closer parallel between the two figures (poet and addressee) in the frame and the two figures (Chiron and Achilles) in the myth. Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. Alloquium has a first meaning of 'talk, converse' and a second of 'friendly or reassuring words, enc~uragement'.~~, Bentley admits the meaning consolatio and refers to Catullus 38.5: qua solatus es allocu- tione? . Horace, Epode 6.16. Horatii Epodos XIII / Horace Epode 13 Horrida tempestas caelum contraxit et imbres Aprilis Albuquerquensis - LYRICINA MVSA XI. The phrase vino cantuque stands for the symposium just as klea andron stands for epic; in each case, Achilles sings in the genre in which he happens to be represented. . Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. It is as if the poet were afraid to say what he knows is true in his own voice, but rather reveals it indirectly in assuming Chiron's. This generic realignment cre- ates a strong link between the myth and the frame; one situation mirrors the other.3y, The last two lines and the adaptation of Achilles' singing bring us back to the symposium of the larger poem. On ancient consolation literature generally. Although this use in an antiquarian, whether Varro or Cincius, may not predate Horace's use, it would still be impossible to state with confidence that the word was not in circulation before Horace. 2364 addendum. A fortiori Priam should eat."" The disparity between the superficial congruence of the exemplum to its dramatic frame and the actual radical difference between the parts demands continual reinterpretation on the part of the reader. Chiron and Achilles in contrast to the contemporary status of the poet and his addressee, another difference obtains in the distance between the time of composition and our own time. 9.413). I don’t know—mainly because I have absolutely no feeling for poetic meter so different from English meter. Did this meter echo the howling storm or did it play softly on the wine-soothed heart? The poem proclaims its lyric identity at the start by virtually quot-. The notion of mortality arises from the affirmation of the present. Bacchylides mentions his bloodying the Scamander and Euripides the attack on Troy and the golden armor. Horace: Epodes: Horace, Mankin, David: Amazon.sg: Books. American Journal of Ph~lology113 (1992) 413-433 0 1992 by The Johns Hopklns Univers~tyPress, two levels: argument and genre. The epodic meter, where a hexam-. Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) was a Roman poet, satirist, and critic. (1982) 41-42; D. R. Shackleton Bailey, "Horatian Aftermath," Philologus 134 (1990) 227-28, whose response to R. G. M. Nisbet, "A Rival Teubner Horace," CR 36 (1986) 227-34 is of interest here. HJ.-C, et je ne suis pas sûr que l'Art poétique date seulement de 13. av.