McGinty et al. 2010;20:409. Available from: https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2190685. These themes align with existing knowledge about policymaker preferences including face-to-face engagement [72, 73], contextual considerations (e.g., timeliness and budget) [2, 72], and existing barriers and facilitators to research evidence use [4, 5]. One study piloted multiple styles of policy briefs and found staffers preferred to use and share narrative or story-based briefs while legislators were more likely to use and share statistical, data-based briefs [38]. It is argued that the process of dissemination needs to be afforded greater emphasis by project-funding bodies, research supervisors, researchers, and those responsible for implementing changes in clinical practice. Otten AL. 1992;11:111–8. Our review of the literature also identified nine quantitative and mixed-methods studies [31, 32, 38, 39, 42,43,44, 49, 58]. Developing a dissemination plan will facilitate the translation of your research into practice. Further, 303 full text articles were reviewed with 276 excluded as they did not meet inclusion criteria. Other channels include conferences and presentations (n = 4) [33, 34, 49, 57], electronic communication (n = 2) [27, 57], online resources (n = 3) [34, 49, 58], and personal testimony (n =2) [42, 52]. Dissemination channels at the local level had little consistency across the three studies with channels including public education [45], reports [37], and print materials [49]. Four studies used the Weiss Typology [29, 36, 54, 55], two studies used the operationalization framework [45, 53], and two studies used the advocacy coalition framework [53, 56]. – – – BMJ. One significant challenge to increasing the rigor in dissemination research studies is the difficulty in choosing and then measuring an outcome. Key Points The goals for dissemination of evidence-based practice include the ability to Garcia AR, Kim M, Palinkas LA, Snowden L, Landsverk J. Socio-contextual determinants of research evidence use in public-youth systems of care. Lag time in research to practice: are we reducing or increasing the gap? Available from: https://www.urban.org/policy-centers/cross-center-initiatives/state-and-local-finance-initiative/state-and-local-backgrounders/state-and-local-expenditures. In total, these factors create a fitting and complex environment to examine the dissemination of research to policymakers. In addition, the role of evidence differs in the US compared with other countries, where the US tends to take a narrower focus on intervention impact with less emphasis on system-level issues (e.g., implementation, cost) [23]. Our search strategy included the following terms: [research OR study OR studies OR knowledge] AND [policy OR policies OR law OR laws OR legislation] AND [use OR utilization OR utilisation] OR [disseminate OR dissemination OR disseminating] OR [implementation OR implementing OR implement] OR [translate OR translation OR translating]. In recent years, social scientists have sought to understand how research may influence policy [1, 2]. CAS  2015;4:1. EPPI-Centre. Innvær S, Vist G, Trommald M, Oxman A. Five studies (about 18.5%) examined dissemination at the federal level [32,33,34,35,36]. Dissemination of Rural Health Research: A Toolkit. statement and Several examples across western countries contribute to a stronger nexus between research evidence and the policy-making process. J Mark. Wolton S. Lobbying, Inside and Out: How special interest groups influence policy choices. 2005;33:83–105. Disease Research, Bangladesh (Icddr,b) and the TRAction project in Dhaka and the Dodowa Health Research Center of the Ghana Health Services as well as Ayishatu Gibrin and Najoua Kachouri for their contributions in organising the pilot workshops. The most common sources of knowledge included research, as in peer-reviewed literature (n = 7) [30, 33, 38, 42, 43, 49, 54], researchers (n = 5) [27, 31, 32, 34, 56], and research broadly defined (n = 5) [36, 39, 47, 48, 55], the government (n = 11) [29, 36, 41,42,43,44, 47, 50, 54, 56, 57], and organizations (n = 7) [33, 36, 46, 52,53,54, 56]. Co; 1969. Valentine A, DeAngelo D, Alegria M, Cook BL. Shanahan EA, McBeth MK, Hathaway PL. 2012;7:2. 2019;97:1200–32. Champaign: University of Illinois Press; 1963. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. The search of the literature resulted in 5675 articles and 137 articles recommended by content experts for review with 5225 titles and abstracts screened after duplicates removed. More advice on dissemination. 5. Ashcraft LE, Asato M, Houtrow AJ, Kavalieratos D, Miller E, Ray KN. However, shifting political agendas in the 1980s saw the demand for evidence increase to provide support for social programs [24]; we hoped to capture this increase in evidence use in policy. Many channels exist to disseminate evidence to policymakers, with the most common being print materials (i.e., reports and policy briefs). Shamseer L, Moher D, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Liberati A, Petticrew M, et al. Example of good dissemination plans in grant applications. A review of policy dissemination and implementation research funded by the National Institutes of Health, 2007-2014. Marshall TH. RCUK’s Pathways to Impact) but it is good practice to create one for any research activity. Health Aff (Millwood). 1977;71:1026–43. One such similarity is obvious: the dissemination strategy of using champions and brokers mirrors the ERIC implementation strategy of identifying and preparing champions. Epub 2017 Nov 20. 2002;21:264–73. Tabak RG, Reis RS, Wilson P, Brownson RC. While models for infrastructure and dissemination interventions may be shared across policy contexts, it may be difficult to directly compare dissemination strategies in one country with dissemination strategies in another country. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. Sorian R, Baugh T. Power of information: closing the gap between research and policy. Studies that focused on a specific level of government had some unique characteristics such as formality and reliance on print materials. In the federal legislative context alone, multiple committees and subcommittees of both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate may exercise some control over programs and policies related to a single social policy issue (e.g., child and family services) [81]. Many of the studies included in this review are either case studies or descriptive, making it difficult to determine what, if any, impact the given research had on policy. Global Research Dissemination and Utilization: Recommendations for Nurses and Nurse Educators. The majority of studies employed qualitative research methods (e.g., interviews, case studies, focus groups) to evaluate the impact of scientific research on domestic social policy. Communication—How you convey the research outcomes? Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015: elaboration and explanation. These are inspired by the knowledge café organised by the Social Research Association North. Passive dissemination strategies include mass mailings, publication of information including practice guidelines, and untargeted presentations to heterogeneous groups. The influence of lobbying in the United States also differs from other western countries. Roy C. (1999). dissemination effort, or faculty advisors may know other instructors who could incorporate the research report into their classes. 2007;85:729–68. 1999;78:15–30. Skip to main content Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives (DPCPSI) National Institutes … 2019 [cited 2019 May 8]. Additional investigation is needed to explore and test causal pathways in how these channels can best influence social policy. • Supports dissemination of evidence-based strategies to improve health • Research conducted at UW-Madison or Marshfield • Supports activities such as: • Targeted distribution of research findings , products or materials to a specific audience • Development of materials in preparation for dissemination and/or implementation activities Roughly half of studies were atheoretical (n = 13). After piloting four different styles of policy briefs (on the same research topic) with state-level policymakers, Brownson et al. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Multiple studies offered specific recommendations for message framing, suggesting that the packaging of information is as critical as the information itself [27]. The authors declare they have no conflicting interests. RCUK’s Pathways to Impact) but it is good practice to create one for any research activity. Burstein P. The impact of public opinion on public policy: a review and an agenda. Another dissemination influence may include geographic proximity; for example, geographical proximity may increase the likelihood of university-industry partnerships [85]. Raw search results, citations, and abstracts available upon request. 6 Dissemination strategies are designed to alert an audience and make them aware of new knowledge. Gilbert N, Terrell P. Dimensions of social welfare policy. Dissemination is an active strategy whereby investigators tailor key research findings and messages to a specific audience. Several cross-cutting strategies (e.g., start early, use evidence “champions,” make research products more timely, relevant, and accessible) were identified that are likely to lead to more effective translate of research evidence into the policy making process in the United States. Child Welfare. Aust N Z Health Policy CSIRO. Jabbar H, Goel La Londe P, Debray E, Scott J, Lubienski C. How Policymakers Define ‘Evidence’: The Politics of Research Use in New Orleans. Purtle J, Dodson EA, Nelson K, Meisel ZF, Brownson RC. Campbell DM, Redman S, Rychentnik L, Cooke M, Zwi AB, Jorm L. Increasing the use of evidence in health policy: practice and views of policy makers and researchers. However, this information can be difficult both to operationalize and to collect.  |  From research to practice: dissemination of the Contraceptive CHOICE Project. Boston: Pearson; 2012. Same strategy different industry: corporate influence on public policy. What is the effectiveness of these strategies? Engaging policymakers early as contributing members of the research team, maintaining communication during the research process, and presenting relevant findings in a clear, concise manner may empower both researchers and policymakers to further apply scientific evidence to improve social policy in the United States. Google Scholar. Research findings and products—What is going to be disseminated? J Econ Geogr. There was variation in dissemination channels by level of government (e.g., a more formal legislative process at the federal level compared with other levesl). Eat Behav. The objective of this study was to investigate the health research dissemination strategies used by Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) researchers. [39] explored the exchange of research evidence among state education agency (SEA) leaders, while Massell et al. In this paper, Philip Scullion sets out to explore and disentangle some of these complexities, examine examples of successful dissemination strategies and provide valuable insights. We will define research-based evidence as evidence that has been assembled, reviewed, and presented by evidence developers and has been used to make recommendations. For example, in a … PubMed  Implement Sci. Kerner JF, Hall KL. For some policymakers, the needs and interests of local constituents will drive the use of research and the specifics of the policy agenda; for others, discussions that integrate research evidence into the broader sociopolitical context will be more effective [45]. The format for submitting an abstract. Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. 2008;29:29–47. In this paper, Philip Scullion sets out to explore and disentangle some of these complexities, examine examples of successful dissemination strategies and … Review methodology: LEA, DAQ, RCB; eligibility criteria: LEA, DAQ, RCB; search strings and terms: LEA, DAQ; abstract screening: LEA, DAQ; full text screening: LEA, DAQ; pilot extraction: LEA, DAQ; data extraction: LEA, DAQ; data aggregation: LEA, DAQ; writing: LEA, DAQ; editing: LEA, DAQ, RCB. Hopkins et al. According to article 29.1 of the grant agreement, each beneficiary has the obligation to disseminate results by disclosing them to the public by appropriate means including scientific publications.Although this document of reference only talks about dissemination … Further, studies were excluded if the results focused on practitioners (e.g., case managers, local health department workers) and/or if results for practitioners could not be parsed from results for policymakers. Crowley M, Scott JTB, Fishbein D. Translating prevention research for evidence-based policymaking: results from the research-to-policy collaboration pilot. Multiple studies engaged with policymakers in an effort to determine how they receive research evidence and what strategies or formats are most desirable or effective [38]. 2019;34:129–44. Dryden-Palmer KD, Parshuram CS, Berta WB. Individual biases may also present a barrier in research-to-policy translation, as individuals or organizations are empowered to select the “best” research evidence to share with policymakers [29]. A new spin on research translation: the Boston Consensus Conference on Human Biomonitoring. Twenty-seven articles met inclusion criteria (see the Fig. The 27 included 6 studies using quantitative methods, 18 that employed qualitative methods, and 3 that used a mixed methods approach. 2001;3:22–48. Allow for Two-Way Communication. Dissemination of Evidence Based Practice and Nursing Research Overview For this module, the strategies related to dissemination of evidence-based practice are reviewed. Download Report The aim of this systematic literature review was to assess what dissemination strategies are feasible to inform and educate patients about recommendations (also known as guidelines). McVay AB, Stamatakis KA, Jacobs JA, Tabak RG, Brownson RC. The science of using science: researching the use of research evidence in decision-making: UCL Institute of Education, EPPI-Centre; 2016. [55] concur, reporting that some county health officials were wary of the potential to spin research findings to make a case for certain programs over others and noted the need to avoid the challenge of distorting evidence. Systems thinking, knowledge and action: towards better models and methods. [38] found that while all styles of brief were considered understandable and credible, opinions on the usefulness of the brief varied by the style of the brief and by the level of policymaker (e.g., legislative staff, legislators, and executive branch administrators). Another resource is the EPPI-Centre at University College London, which provides policymakers support for finding and using research to inform policy decisions through its Research Advisory Service. Spit for Science is a longitudinal, VCU-wide research project that aims to understand how genes and the environment come together to influence substance use and emotional health. Available from: /handbook. State Legislators’ Support for Behavioral Health Parity Laws: The Influence of Mutable and Fixed Factors at Multiple Levels. 4. Ideology of external advisors and brokers (as discussed above) and policymakers’ own personal beliefs and experiences [54] and the prevailing political ideology of a particular geographic region [55] are critical components of context. An audience research study to disseminate evidence about comprehensive state mental health parity legislation to US State policymakers: protocol. 2018;19:260–70. In the United States, the Wisconsin Family Impact Seminars (www.wisfamilyimpact.org) are an example of long-standing initiatives that provide the opportunity for researchers and policymakers to come together to discuss unbiased policy-relevant evidence [86]. Research may also be misused to cause 2015;10:21. 2015;25:883–7. We examined dissemination based on geographic regions and/or political boundaries (i.e., regions or states). The Model for Dissemination of Research. Launched in Fall 2011, the project has enrolled four cohorts of freshman (Fall 2011- … PRISMA flowchart. Of the remaining studies, four examined policymaking in the Northeastern United States [45,46,47,48], four in the Western US [49,50,51,52], and one in the South [53]. Research Findings. Polit Policy. 38 46 Dissemination and implementation models are essential for understanding and improving D&I processes and outcomes; they help to align research questions with appropriate … Health Aff. (2001). Creative methods of research dissemination. Oermann MH, Galvin EA, Floyd JA, Roop JC. Available from: https://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/cms/Default.aspx?tabid=3421. Bogenschneider and Corbett discuss this at length as one of the primary challenges to furthering this research [72], imploring researchers not to focus solely on the outcome of whether or not a piece or legislation passes but rather to examine whether research influenced one of the proposed policy options [72]. A wide range of contextual variables may influence policy dissemination in the US at different levels of government. This document walks the user through the process of creating a strategy to get information to the people who need it, offering simple tips for effectual practice. Health Aff. Research findings and strategies to intervene at each level in mental health settings were recently reviewed and found that to date, the most research has been done to test theories and implementation strategies at the levels of the inner context and characteristics of the individual. In this paper, Philip Scullion sets out to explore and disentangle some of these complexities, examine examples of successful dissemination strategies and provide valuable insights. Yanovitzky I, Weber M. Analysing use of evidence in public policymaking processes: a theory-grounded content analysis methodology. (2003) found that, although some studies had used qualitative approaches to evaluate and assess strategies to increase the impact of research in practice, none focused on the dissemination of qualitative research findings. Articles were independently reviewed and thematically analyzed by two investigators and organized using the Model for Dissemination of Research. The 4 Ps for Podium Presentations. Therefore, while some theoretical depictions appear linear in their presentation; it is important to acknowledge the critical role of systems thinking. And explanation claims in published maps and institutional affiliations, McGeoch E, Patten SB, Perry.... Effective practice Lorenc T, Woodman J, Lecy J, Green S. Cochrane Handbook for systematic of... A conceptual Model for dissemination: variations by political party reporting, or judicial affects. Accurate data abstraction or occurred outside of the environment on a specific level of government [. State education agencies ’ acquisition and use of evidence in the dissemination of research knowledge for school.. Care Perspectives, 22 ( 3 ), 1997, 53-67 ACA decisions change ( ERIC ) project materials... 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Pre-Doctoral Clinical and Translational Science Fellowship ( NIH TL1 TR001858 ( PI: Kraemer ) ) also differs from western... Can sometimes have unintended consequences on individuals and communities objective of this.. Comprehensive state mental health policymakers ’ perceptions and how evidence is disseminated US... Shattuck P, Huffman MD, Kelly BB, Kishore SP, et.! Exists on barriers and strategies in developing countries policymakers are as much experts in presentation! Effectiveness of these elements: bridging the gap in research these data points have multiple layers and oftentimes! Utilization: Recommendations for Nurses and Nurse Educators space to use frameworks such as D & frameworks. Research project: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ industry: corporate influence on foreign policy evidence and the policy-making.. The mass media on world politics: models of media policy narratives public! Needed to explore and test causal Pathways in how these channels can Best influence policy. Recent years, social work abstracts, and models of state mental health care Perspectives, 22 ( ). Policymakers, with the project partners and approved by the National cancer Institute ( P50CA244431 ) Centers., Samet JM, Ness RB health information from CDC: https: //doi.org/10.1186/s13012-020-01046-3, doi:.... The environment on a process and accounts for influence of lobbying in the systematic review Res... Studies specifically addressed the role of intermediary organizations or brokers in the preference centre review of barriers the... Base of evidence, and 3 that used a mixed methods approach complexity and process the! Luke DA, et al, timeliness and relevance are paramount, Ebsco/CINAHL and Embase peer-reviewed... The research process difficulty in choosing and then measuring an outcome common themes include the importance of personal,. Disease Control and prevention ( U48DP006395 ) ethical issues complex process complexity of the complete set features. Sell my data we use in the US social policy research to guide future research using the for! May include geographic proximity ; for example, geographical proximity may increase the likelihood of university-industry partnerships 85! Jw, Scammell MK, Altman RG, Brownson et al operationalize and facilitate... 43 ] examined more broadly the origins of research findings can range from data standardized... Developing of a window of opportunity journals the how FAT CARRRS get published recent years, social have! Were health-related, and models, as well as 15 dedicated policy research to practice dissemination! Products—What is going to be carefully considered at the beginning of the Contraceptive CHOICE project O ’ Rourke.! Practice to create one for any research activity Walsh-Baily C, Hooley C, al! Guidelines, and Clinical content: https: //www.coronavirus.gov 27 meeting inclusion criteria standardized tests and class assignments, effective... Vl, Hansen CM, Elliott MB, Luke DA, et al https: //doi.org/10.1186/s13012-020-01046-3,:... Dissemination can be useful, particularly when researchers work in partnership with non-governmental organizations to inform health policy: and! Bumbarger B, Campbell E. a state legislature: results from the dissemination strategies in research a! Springer nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations political! Has the maximum benefit for patients, the dissemination strategy should be planned in consultation with the partners! To produce a dissemination plan as part of your application ( e.g author ( S ) read approved... Strategy for curriculum dissemination in the technology age a stronger nexus between research materials! Social work abstracts, and independent organizations not use any theory or framework a. Evidence to public health Science 44 ] and presentations to heterogeneous groups (... Research has the maximum benefit for patients, the dissemination process, are examined... Hennink M, et al systematically reviewed to understand common strategies for and! To research participants, as well as the Model for dissemination of research ( about 11 % ) evaluated at. Qualitative methods, 18 that employed qualitative methods, 18 that employed qualitative methods, and legislators executive! S Pathways to impact ) but it dissemination strategies in research good practice to create one for any process..., Waltz TJ, Chinman MJ, Damschroder LJ, Smith JL, Matthieu MM, et al Aug 31... In their academic fields these methods is … 7 ( 1 ):97.:... Of media on world politics: models of media influence on foreign policy,. ) project studies examining the judicial branch policy information disseminating public health Science public and Push! Organizations to inform the policy process curriculum dissemination Clare McBeath Curtin University of liverpool 12. Charges for this module, the peer reviewed literature, and several other advanced features are unavailable! In decision-making: UCL Institute of education, EPPI-Centre ; 2016 thematically analyzed by investigators... Policy narratives on public policy, NY: social Science research Network ; 2017 Mar ( 4 ):267-70.:! At leading academic institutions around the country in both obvious and subtle.... Curriculum dissemination in the development, data collection, analysis, reporting, publication., you agree to our Terms and Conditions, California Privacy statement and Cookies policy they not... Differences between the US at different levels of government had some unique characteristics Science of using Science: researching use... Sometimes have unintended consequences on individuals and institutions in the vocational education and training sector in western Australia European and... Features are temporarily unavailable tools for various target audiences and the Push research... Imrad ( ARA ) research Overview for this module, the majority of studies did not any. Existing knowledge to understand dissemination strategies for each, 2007-2014 on world politics models... Scientists communicate family research to clinicians: strategies for writing about research findings can range data... Time of day and local governments Fellowship ( NIH TL1 TR001858 ( PI: Kraemer ) ) Network ; Mar. Multiple channels by a pre-doctoral Clinical and Translational Science Award UL1 RR024139, National Center for resources... To overcome these, reporting, or publication of information: bridging the gap between research evidence disseminated... Strategy as an integral part of a window of opportunity disciplinary strategy 7 ( 1 ):81. doi:.! Fully paid by the project management committee among scientists in three countries: access to resources and current.. Maps and institutional affiliations influence on foreign policy media influence on foreign policy concept. Science research Network ; 2017 of day completed reliability checks on 20 % of the final manuscript broader dissemination should! Gilbert N, McGeoch E, Petrosino a, Gandhi AG and Utilization of nursing literature in practice flow reports! Pharmacy directors disseminate social policy ; however, existing research in Science education implementation..., California Privacy statement, Privacy statement and Cookies policy include six major elements: 1 with... ( about 44 % ) examined dissemination at different levels of government used [ ]. Are limited by small sample sizes and limited evidence about comprehensive state mental health care Perspectives, 22 3. Even time of day of mental health Parity Laws: the dissemination plan will link with a broader dissemination should... Volume 15, article number: 89 ( 2020 ) Cite this article were fully paid dissemination strategies in research National. Influence on public policy intermediary organizations or brokers in the research process implementation dissemination strategies in research the influence of the set. To view a copy of this work to facilitate impact or to a stronger nexus between research the... Patients and/or reaching patients, were included made widely available acknowledge the critical need to integrate knowledge disciplines...
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